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Elementary differential equations
Author: William E. Boyce, Richard C. DiPrima
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 047143339X
Pages: 622
Year: 2004-04-13
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This revision of Boyce & DiPrima's text maintains its classic strengths: a contemporary approach with flexible chapter construction, clear exposition, and outstanding problems. Like previous editions, this revision is written from the viewpoint of the applied mathematician, focusing both on the theory and the practical applications of Differential Equations as they apply to engineering and the sciences. A perennial best seller designed for engineers and scientists who need to use Elementary Differential Equations in their work and studies. The CD-ROM includes: The award-winning ODE Architect software. The software's 14 modules enable you to build and solve your own ODEs, and to use simulations and multimedia to develop detailed mathematical models and concepts in a truly interactive environment. The ODE Architect Companion. The Companion extends the ideas featured in each multimedia module. The web-based learning tools include: Review & Study Guidelines. The Chapter Review Guidelines will help you prepare for quizzes and exams. Online Review Quizzes. The quizzes enable you to test your knowledge of key concepts and provide diagnostic feedback that references appropriate sections in the text. PowerPoint Slides. You can print these slides out for in-class note taking. Getting Started with ODE Architect. This guide will help you get up-and-running with ODE Architect's simulations and multimedia.
Globalization and Growth
Author: Michael Spence, Danny Leipziger
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821382217
Pages: 380
Year: 2010-04-02
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The volume provides a comprehensive overview of the financial and economic crises of 2008-2009 and the economic and financial policy implications for growth in developing countries.
Fragmentation in Semi-Arid and Arid Landscapes
Author: Kathleen A. Galvin, Robin S. Reid, Roy H. Behnke, Jr., N. Thompson Hobbs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402049064
Pages: 411
Year: 2007-10-12
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With detailed data from nine sites around the world, the authors examine how the so-called ‘fragmentation’ of these fragile landscapes occurs and the consequences of this break-up for ecosystems and the people who depend on them. ‘Rangelands’ make up a quarter of the world’s landscape, and here, the case is developed that while fragmentation arises from different natural, social and economic conditions worldwide, it creates similar outcomes for human and natural systems.
The Climate System
Author: J. Berdowski, R. Guicherit, B.J. Heij
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9058092550
Pages: 186
Year: 2001-01-01
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These results from the National Research Programme on Climate Change of the Netherlands offer a synthesis of present knowledge in the fields of: source and sinks of greenhouse gases and aerosols; land-atmosphere interactions; the global energy balance; and radiative forcing and climate variability.
Climate Change and Aviation
Author: Stefan Gössling, Paul Upham
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1844076199
Pages: 386
Year: 2009
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Trends such as the massive growth in availability of air travel and air freight are among those which have led to aviation becoming one of the fastest growing emitters of greenhouse gases. These trends have also caused a shift in expectations of how we do business where we go on holiday and what food and goods we can buy. For these reasons aviation is (and is set to stay) high up on global political organizational and media agendas. This textbook is the first to attempt a comprehensive review of the topic bringing together an international team of leading scientists. Starting with the science.
Climate Impacts on Energy Systems
Author: Jane O. Ebinger
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821386980
Pages: 178
Year: 2011
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"While the energy sector is a primary target of efforts to arrest and reverse the growth of greenhouse gas emissions and lower the carbon footprint of development, it is also expected to be increasingly affected by unavoidable climate consequences from the damage already induced in the biosphere. Energy services and resources, as well as seasonal demand, will be increasingly affected by changing trends, increasing variability, greater extremes and large inter-annual variations in climate parameters in some regions. All evidence suggests that adaptation is not an optional add-on but an essential reckoning on par with other business risks. Existing energy infrastructure, new infrastructure and future planning need to consider emerging climate conditions and impacts on design, construction, operation, and maintenance. Integrated risk-based planning processes will be critical to address the climate change impacts and harmonize actions within and across sectors. Also, awareness, knowledge, and capacity impede mainstreaming of climate adaptation into the energy sector. However, the formal knowledge base is still nascent?information needs are complex and to a certain extent regionally and sector specific. This report provides an up-to-date compendium of what is known about weather variability and projected climate trends and their impacts on energy service provision and demand. It discusses emerging practices and tools for managing these impacts and integrating climate considerations into planning processes and operational practices in an environment of uncertainty. It focuses on energy sector adaptation, rather than mitigation which is not discussed in this report. This report draws largely on available scientific and peer-reviewed literature in the public domain and takes the perspective of the developing world to the extent possible."
Principles of Environmental Physics
Author: John Monteith, Mike Unsworth
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869935
Pages: 422
Year: 2013-07-26
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Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture
Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters
Author: World Bank, United Nations
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821381415
Pages: 276
Year: 2010-11-10
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This book examines how to ensure that the preventive measures are worthwhile and effective, and how people can make decisions individually and collectively at different levels of government.
Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels
Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Committee on Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309268524
Pages: 170
Year: 2013-03-14
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For a century, almost all light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have been powered by internal combustion engines operating on petroleum fuels. Energy security concerns about petroleum imports and the effect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on global climate are driving interest in alternatives. Transitions to Alternative Vehicles and Fuels assesses the potential for reducing petroleum consumption and GHG emissions by 80 percent across the U.S. LDV fleet by 2050, relative to 2005. This report examines the current capability and estimated future performance and costs for each vehicle type and non-petroleum-based fuel technology as options that could significantly contribute to these goals. By analyzing scenarios that combine various fuel and vehicle pathways, the report also identifies barriers to implementation of these technologies and suggests policies to achieve the desired reductions. Several scenarios are promising, but strong, and effective policies such as research and development, subsidies, energy taxes, or regulations will be necessary to overcome barriers, such as cost and consumer choice.
Small-Scale Aquaponic Food Production
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Fao
ISBN: 9251085323
Pages: 262
Year: 2015-12-30
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Aquaponics is the integration of aquaculture and soilless culture in a closed production system. This manual details aquaponics for small-scale production--predominantly for home use. It is divided into nine chapters and seven annexes, with each chapter dedicated to an individual module of aquaponics. The target audience for this manual is agriculture extension agents, regional fisheries officers, non-governmental organizations, community organizers, government ministers, companies and singles worldwide. The intention is to bring a general understanding of aquaponics to people who previously may have only known about one aspect.
Earth Observation for Water Resources Management
Author: Luis García, Diego Rodríguez, Marcus Wijnen, Inge Pakulski
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464804761
Pages: 264
Year: 2016-04-14
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Water systems are building blocks for poverty alleviation, shared growth, sustainable development, and green growth strategies. They require data from in-situ observation networks. Budgetary and other constraints have taken a toll on their operation and there are many regions in the world where the data are scarce or unreliable. Increasingly, remote sensing satellite-based earth observation is becoming an alternative. This book briefly describes some key global water challenges, perspectives for remote sensing approaches, and their importance for water resources-related activities. It describes eight key types of water resources management variables, a list of sensors that can produce such information, and a description of existing data products with examples. Earth Observation for Water Resources Management provides a series of practical guidelines that can be used by project leaders to decide whether remote sensing may be useful for the problem at hand and suitable data sources to consider if so. The book concludes with a review of the literature on reliability statistics of remote-sensed estimations.
Cities and Agriculture
Author: Henk de Zeeuw, Pay Drechsel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317506618
Pages: 450
Year: 2015-09-16
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As people increasingly migrate to urban settings and more than half of the world's population now lives in cities, it is vital to plan and provide for sustainable and resilient food systems which reflect this challenge. This volume presents experience and evidence-based "state of the art" chapters on the key dimensions of urban food challenges and types of intra- and peri-urban agriculture. The book provides urban planners, local policy makers and urban development practitioners with an overview of crucial aspects of urban food systems based on an up to date review of research results and practical experiences in both developed and developing countries. By doing so, the international team of authors provides a balanced textbook for students of the growing number of courses on sustainable agriculture, food and urban studies, as well as a solid basis for well-informed policy making, planning and implementation regarding the development of sustainable, resilient and just urban food systems.
Product-Service System Design for Sustainability
Author: Carlo Vezzoli, Cindy Kohtala, Amrit Srinivasan, Liu Xin, Moi Fusakul, Deepta Sateesh, J.C. Diehl
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351277987
Pages: 524
Year: 2017-09-08
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This book, based on a huge European and Asian research project, is a state-of-the-art examination of the theory and practice of system innovation through Product-Service System (PSS) design for sustainability from a trans-cultural viewpoint. PSS design incorporates innovative strategies that shift businesses away from simply designing and selling physical products to developing integrated systems of products and services that satisfy human needs. The book provides background, advice and tools for designers interested in sustainable PSSs and has a wealth of case studies for practitioners to digest.
College Science Teachers Guide to Assessment
Author: Thomas R. Lord, Donald P. French, Linda W. Crow
Publisher: NSTA Press
ISBN: 1933531118
Pages: 159
Year: 2009
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This guide is divided into four sections comprising 28 peer-reviewed chapters. It covers general assessment topics and traditional and alternative assessment techniques. A series of how-to assessment practices utilized in the field and practical tips to enhance assessment in the college science classroom are included.
Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Author: National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, Committee on the Effects of Provisions in the Internal Revenue Code on Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309282721
Pages: 198
Year: 2013-06-20
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The U.S. Congress charged the National Academies with conducting a review of the Internal Revenue Code to identify the types of and specific tax provisions that have the largest effects on carbon and other greenhouse gas emissions and to estimate the magnitude of those effects. To address such a broad charge, the National Academies appointed a committee composed of experts in tax policy, energy and environmental modeling, economics, environmental law, climate science, and related areas. For scientific background to produce Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, the committee relied on the earlier findings and studies by the National Academies, the U.S. government, and other research organizations. The committee has relied on earlier reports and studies to set the boundaries of the economic, environmental, and regulatory assumptions for the present study. The major economic and environmental assumptions are those developed by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) in its annual reports and modeling. Additionally, the committee has relied upon publicly available data provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, which inventories greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from different sources in the United States. The tax system affects emissions primarily through changes in the prices of inputs and outputs or goods and services. Most of the tax provisions considered in this report relate directly to the production or consumption of different energy sources. However, there is a substantial set of tax expenditures called "broad-based" that favor certain categories of consumption-among them, employer-provided health care, owner-occupied housing, and purchase of new plants and equipment. Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on Greenhouse Gas Emissions examines both tax expenditures and excise taxes that could have a significant impact on GHG emissions.