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Crime and Planning
Author: Derek J. Paulsen, Ph.D.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439871663
Pages: 205
Year: 2012-11-07
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The form and layout of a built environment has a significant influence on crime by creating opportunities for it and, in turn, shaping community crime patterns. Effective urban planners and designers will consider crime when making planning and design decisions. A co-publication with the American Planning Association, Crime and Planning: Building Socially Sustainable Communities presents a comprehensive discussion of the interconnections between urban planning, criminal victimization, and crime prevention. An introduction into the main concerns at the intersection of criminology and community planning, the book first provides an overview of crime patterns. It then explores major issues within planning and their impact on crime. Critical topics discussed include connectivity, mixed-use developments, land use and zoning, transit-oriented design, and pedestrian trails, greenways, and parks. The remaining chapters explore: Crime prevention theories Crime prevention as a central component of sustainability How to incorporate social sustainability and planning guidelines into local planning decisions Policy discussion of issues such as zoning How tools such as smart growth and form-based codes relate to crime and crime prevention Examples of how planning decisions can impact crime patterns in both a residential and retail setting, and what has already worked in real-world communities As communities continue to grapple with foreclosure, sprawl, and infill/redevelopment, a sound understanding of how the built environment impacts crime is of increasing importance. This book provides planners with the tools and knowledge necessary to minimize the impact of crime on communities with the goal of creating socially sustainable communities.
Fixing Broken Windows
Author: George L. Kelling, Catherine M. Coles
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0684837382
Pages: 319
Year: 1997
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Cites successful examples of community-based policing
Building Vibrant Communities
Author: Chicago Policy Research Team
Publisher: Lulu.com
ISBN: 1365124649
Pages:
Year:
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Designing Sustainable Cities
Author: Rachel Cooper, Graeme Evans, Christopher Boyko
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444318683
Pages: 336
Year: 2009-11-24
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This book offers practical solutions to achieving sustainable urban design and development, and helps designers communicate these solutions effectively to planners, developers and policy makers. Addressing sustainability issues in relation to the design and planning of the urban environment is a complex, multi-disciplinary issue and solutions never arrive from a single perspective. The authors use design as a facilitating factor to consider when and by whom decisions that contribute to sustainability are made, and through three major city-centre case studies - London, Manchester and Sheffield – they consider social, environmental and economic factors and examine their relationship to the decision-making process. Designing Sustainable Cities begins by identifying the key processes and lead decision-makers. The following chapters develop an understanding of the dimensions of sustainability, presenting the tools by which the dimensions can be analysed. Later chapters illustrate the trade-offs and the relationships between the dimensions of sustainability - with case study examples - as well as the use of IT in making design decisions. Finally, the book makes recommendations for future approaches to the design, development and on-going management of urban environments. Designing Sustainable Cities covers: latest research data on the urban environment and the interaction between social, economic and environmental issues methods of understanding the context in which urban design takes place guidance on the codes of practice process maps to help understand the context, make trade-offs and develop design solutions that allow for change methods for testing the consequences of design proposals and monitoring outcomes.
Lines Drawn upon the Water
Author: Karl S. Hele
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554580978
Pages: 378
Year: 2008-09-30
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The First Nations who have lived in the Great Lakes watershed have been strongly influenced by the imposition of colonial and national boundaries there. The essays in Lines Drawn upon the Water examine the impact of the Canadian—American border on communities, with reference to national efforts to enforce the boundary and the determination of local groups to pursue their interests and define themselves. Although both governments regard the border as clearly defined, local communities continue to contest the artificial divisions imposed by the international boundary and define spatial and human relationships in the borderlands in their own terms. The debate is often cast in terms of Canada’s failure to recognize the 1794 Jay Treaty’s confirmation of Native rights to transport goods into Canada, but ultimately the issue concerns the larger struggle of First Nations to force recognition of their people’s rights to move freely across the border in search of economic and social independence.
Bird on Fire
Author: Andrew Ross
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912297
Pages: 312
Year: 2011-10-27
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Phoenix, Arizona is one of America's fastest growing metropolitan regions. It is also its least sustainable one, sprawling over a thousand square miles, with a population of four and a half million, minimal rainfall, scorching heat, and an insatiable appetite for unrestrained growth and unrestricted property rights. In Bird on Fire, eminent social and cultural analyst Andrew Ross focuses on the prospects for sustainability in Phoenix--a city in the bull's eye of global warming--and also the obstacles that stand in the way. Most authors writing on sustainable cities look at places that have excellent public transit systems and relatively high density, such as Portland, Seattle, or New York. But Ross contends that if we can't change the game in fast-growing, low-density cities like Phoenix, the whole movement has a major problem. Drawing on interviews with 200 influential residents--from state legislators, urban planners, developers, and green business advocates to civil rights champions, energy lobbyists, solar entrepreneurs, and community activists--Ross argues that if Phoenix is ever to become sustainable, it will occur more through political and social change than through technological fixes. Ross explains how Arizona's increasingly xenophobic immigration laws, science-denying legislature, and growth-at-all-costs business ethic have perpetuated social injustice and environmental degradation. But he also highlights the positive changes happening in Phoenix, in particular the Gila River Indian Community's successful struggle to win back its water rights, potentially shifting resources away from new housing developments to producing healthy local food for the people of the Phoenix Basin. Ross argues that this victory may serve as a new model for how green democracy can work, redressing the claims of those who have been aggrieved in a way that creates long-term benefits for all. Bird on Fire offers a compelling take on one of the pressing issues of our time--finding pathways to sustainability at a time when governments are dismally failing in their responsibility to address climate change.
Living in the Village
Author: Ryan C. Mack
Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin
ISBN: 1429943343
Pages: 320
Year: 2011-01-18
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A clear, personal, step-by-step plan to achieve financial freedom--for yourself and your community Financial planning isn't easy – especially when you're trying to overcome destructive spending habits, accumulating debt, and ever-increasing household budgets. Ryan Mack, Wall Streeter-come-financial advisor, has written LIVING IN THE VILLAGE for those who need a clear, accessible and tangible plan for getting personal finances in order once and for all. In a frank, accessible voice, Ryan C. Mack provides simple, easy-to-understand financial advice that you can implement right away. He developed a seven-step plan, featuring critical advice for: - Eliminating debt - Improving credit - Creating an emergency fund - Maximizing the company retirement plan and IRA - Avoiding financial predators - Diversifying your investments - Establishing a financial legacy for future generations Each step of the way, LIVING IN THE VILLAGE not only educates you about financial planning tricks and pitfalls, but also, through numerous personal testimonies from ordinary people doing extraordinary things in their communities, shows you how to give back and contribute to the economic advancement to your community.
Community Programs to Promote Youth Development
Author: Committee on Community-Level Programs for Youth, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine, Board on Children, Youth and Families, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309072751
Pages: 432
Year: 2002-02-12
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After-school programs, scout groups, community service activities, religious youth groups, and other community-based activities have long been thought to play a key role in the lives of adolescents. But what do we know about the role of such programs for today's adolescents? How can we ensure that programs are designed to successfully meet young people's developmental needs and help them become healthy, happy, and productive adults? Community Programs to Promote Youth Development explores these questions, focusing on essential elements of adolescent well-being and healthy development. It offers recommendations for policy, practice, and research to ensure that programs are well designed to meet young people's developmental needs. The book also discusses the features of programs that can contribute to a successful transition from adolescence to adulthood. It examines what we know about the current landscape of youth development programs for America's youth, as well as how these programs are meeting their diverse needs. Recognizing the importance of adolescence as a period of transition to adulthood, Community Programs to Promote Youth Development offers authoritative guidance to policy makers, practitioners, researchers, and other key stakeholders on the role of youth development programs to promote the healthy development and well-being of the nation's youth.
Urban Crime Prevention, Surveillance, and Restorative Justice
Author: Paul Knepper, Jonathan Doak, Joanna Shapland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420084453
Pages: 214
Year: 2009-01-15
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Crime prevention, surveillance, and restorative justice have transformed the response to crime in recent years. Each has had a significant impact on policy, introducing new concepts and reassessing traditional aims and priorities. While such efforts attract a great deal of criminological interest, they tend to be discussed within separate and discrete literatures, rather than as part of a cohesive and concerted effort. Urban Crime Prevention, Surveillance, and Restorative Justice: Effects of Social Technologies examines these emerging trends which are increasingly being contemplated by police, courts, and corrections agencies, and explores how these three concepts are changing national and international policies concerning crime. Going beyond the conventional methods for crime reduction The book addresses these topics within a larger framework of social technology, defined as coordinated action derived from an organized field of knowledge to achieve a particular result. It focuses on efforts aimed at reducing and responding to crime without reliance on the conventional criminal justice practices of police and prisons. The contributors discuss diffusion of knowledge about crime though media and criminological research, surveillance technologies and their effect on crime, and finally, the concept of restorative justice, with an emphasis on juvenile justice and its relationship to social regulations in general. Comprising the contributions of numerous experts in the field of criminology, the book asks "What is the interaction between knowledge, planning, and social repercussions?" The answer to this question forms a valuable basis from which to evaluate proposals for social improvements related to crime.
Rebuilding Native Nations
Author: Miriam Jorgensen
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 0816524238
Pages: 363
Year: 2007
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A revolution is underway among the Indigenous nations of North America. It is a quiet revolution, largely unnoticed in society at large. But it is profoundly important. From High Plains states and Prairie Provinces to southwestern deserts, from Mississippi and Oklahoma to the northwest coast of the continent, Native peoples are reclaiming their right to govern themselves and to shape their future in their own ways. Challenging more than a century of colonial controls, they are addressing severe social problems, building sustainable economies, and reinvigorating Indigenous cultures. In effect, they are rebuilding their nations according to their own diverse and often innovative designs. Produced by the Native Nations Institute for Leadership, Management, and Policy at the University of Arizona and the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development, this book traces the contours of that revolution as Native nations turn the dream of self-determination into a practical reality. Part report, part analysis, part how-to manual for Native leaders, it discusses strategies for governance and community and economic development being employed by American Indian nations and First Nations in Canada as they move to assert greater control over their own affairs. Rebuilding Native Nations provides guidelines for creating new governance structures, rewriting constitutions, building justice systems, launching nation-owned enterprises, encouraging citizen entrepreneurs, developing new relationships with non-Native governments, and confronting the crippling legacies of colonialism. For nations that wish to join that revolution or for those who simply want to understand the transformation now underway across Indigenous North America, this book is a critical resource. CONTENTS Foreword by Oren Lyons Editor's Introduction Part 1 Starting Points 1. Two Approaches to the Development of Native Nations: One Works, the Other Doesn't Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt 2. Development, Governance, Culture: What Are They and What Do They Have to Do with Rebuilding Native Nations? Manley A. Begay, Jr., Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, and Joseph P. Kalt Part 2 Rebuilding the Foundations 3. Remaking the Tools of Governance: Colonial Legacies, Indigenous Solutions Stephen Cornell 4. The Role of Constitutions in Native Nation Building: Laying a Firm Foundation Joseph P. Kalt 5 . Native Nation Courts: Key Players in Nation Rebuilding Joseph Thomas Flies-Away, Carrie Garrow, and Miriam Jorgensen 6. Getting Things Done for the Nation: The Challenge of Tribal Administration Stephen Cornell and Miriam Jorgensen Part 3 Reconceiving Key Functions 7. Managing the Boundary between Business and Politics: Strategies for Improving the Chances for Success in Tribally Owned Enterprises Kenneth Grant and Jonathan Taylor 8. Citizen Entrepreneurship: An Underutilized Development Resource Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, Ian Wilson Record, and Joan Timeche 9. Governmental Services and Programs: Meeting Citizens' Needs Alyce S. Adams, Andrew J. Lee, and Michael Lipsky 10. Intergovernmental Relationships: Expressions of Tribal Sovereignty Sarah L. Hicks Part 4 Making It Happen 11. Rebuilding Native Nations: What Do Leaders Do? Manley A. Begay, Jr., Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, and Nathan Pryor 12. Seizing the Future: Why Some Native Nations Do and Others Don't Stephen Cornell, Miriam Jorgensen, Joseph P. Kalt, and Katherine Spilde Contreras Afterword by Satsan (Herb George) References About the Contributors Index
Urbanization, Policing, and Security
Author: Gary Cordner, Dilip K. Das, AnnMarie Cordner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420085581
Pages: 475
Year: 2009-12-16
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In terms of raw numbers, the amount of world urban dwellers have increased four-fold, skyrocketing from 740 million in 1950 to almost 3.3 billion in 2007. This ongoing urbanization will continue to create major security challenges in most countries. Based on contributions from academics and practitioners from countries as diverse as Nigeria, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, and the US, Urbanization, Policing, and Security: Global Perspectives highlights the crime and disorder problems associated with urbanization and demonstrates police and private security responses to those problems. Examines responses to urban problems The book draws on the practical experiences of police officials and the academic insights of researchers from around the world to detail the consequences of urbanization — crime, terrorism, disorder, drugs, traffic crashes — as well as modern responses to those problems. Covering studies on major cities in more than 18 countries, this text explores topics such as the role of urbanization in security and global concerns including transnational crime, racial profiling, and information sharing. The book also examines responses to urban problems associated with police and security, including human rights activism and police reform. The tools to devise sophisticated solutions The problems confronting policing in these times are quite daunting, providing plenty of challenges for police leaders and requiring them to devise increasingly sophisticated solutions. With more than 100 photos and illustrations, the book tackles issues from a different angle. It examines the resources required to solve problems and those necessary to build a knowledge base of policing and the professionalism for police forces.
Sustainable Medium Density Housing
Author: Anzabeth Tonkin
Publisher:
ISBN: 0620430265
Pages: 443
Year: 2008
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Where Happiness Dwells
Author: Robin Ridington, Jillian Ridington
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 0774822988
Pages: 420
Year: 2013-02-27
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The Dane-zaa people have lived in BC's Peace River area for thousands of years. Elders documented their peoples' history and worldview, passing them on through storytelling. Language loss, however, threatens to break the bonds of knowledge transmission. At the request of the Doig River First Nations, anthropologists Robin and Jillian Ridington present a history of the Dane-zaa people based on oral histories collected over a half century of fieldwork. These powerful stories not only preserve traditional knowledge for future generations, they also tell the inspiring story of how the Dane-zaa learned to succeed and flourish in the modern world.
A World of Three Zeros
Author: Muhammad Yunus
Publisher: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 1610397584
Pages: 304
Year: 2017-09-26
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A winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and bestselling author of Banker to the Poor offers his vision of an emerging new economic system that can save humankind and the planet Muhammad Yunus, who created microcredit, invented social business, and earned a Nobel Peace Prize for his work in alleviating poverty, is one of today's most trenchant social critics. Now he declares it's time to admit that the capitalist engine is broken--that in its current form it inevitably leads to rampant inequality, massive unemployment, and environmental destruction. We need a new economic system that unleashes altruism as a creative force just as powerful as self-interest. Is this a pipe dream? Not at all. In the last decade, thousands of people and organizations have already embraced Yunus's vision of a new form of capitalism, launching innovative social businesses designed to serve human needs rather than accumulate wealth. They are bringing solar energy to millions of homes in Bangladesh; turning thousands of unemployed young people into entrepreneurs through equity investments; financing female-owned businesses in cities across the United States; bringing mobility, shelter, and other services to the rural poor in France; and creating a global support network to help young entrepreneurs launch their start-ups. In A World of Three Zeros, Yunus describes the new civilization emerging from the economic experiments his work has helped to inspire. He explains how global companies like McCain, Renault, Essilor, and Danone got involved with this new economic model through their own social action groups, describes the ingenious new financial tools now funding social businesses, and sketches the legal and regulatory changes needed to jumpstart the next wave of socially driven innovations. And he invites young people, business and political leaders, and ordinary citizens to join the movement and help create the better world we all dream of.
Equity, Growth, and Community
Author: Chris Benner, Manuel Pastor
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520284410
Pages: 350
Year: 2015-10-09
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In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America's metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.