Ethics In Science Ethical Misconduct In Scientific Research.php Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Ethics in Science
Author: John D'Angelo
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840865
Pages: 130
Year: 2012-03-27
View: 544
Read: 487
Providing the tools necessary for robust debate, Ethics in Science: Ethical Misconduct in Scientific Research explains various forms of scientific misconduct and describes ethical controversies that have occurred in research. The first part of the book includes a description of a variety of ethical violations, why they occur, how they are handled, and what can be done to prevent them along with a discussion of the peer-review process. The second part of the book presents real-life case studies that review the known facts, allowing readers to decide for themselves whether an ethical violation has occurred and if so, what should be done. Discussing the difference between bad science and bad ethics and how to prevent scientific misconduct, this book explains the various forms of scientific misconduct and provides resources for guided discussion of topical controversies.
Responsible Conduct of Research
Author: Adil E. Shamoo, David B. Resnik
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199376042
Pages: 440
Year: 2014-12-01
View: 258
Read: 347
Since the early 2000s, the field of Responsible Conduct of Research has become widely recognized as essential to scientific education, investigation, and training. At present, research institutions with public funding are expected to have some minimal training and education in RCR for their graduate students, fellows and trainees. These institutions also are expected to have a system in place for investigating and reporting misconduct in research or violations of regulations in research with human subjects, or in their applications to federal agencies for funding. Public scrutiny of the conduct of scientific researchers remains high. Media reports of misconduct scandals, biased research, violations of human research ethics rules, and moral controversies in research occur on a weekly basis. Since the 2009 publication of the 2nd edition of Shamoo and Resnik's Responsible Conduct of Research, there has been a vast expansion in the information, knowledge, methods, and diagnosis of problems related to RCR and the multitude of ethical issues of human subject protections. With the climate surrounding research conduct always shifting, developments in the field make an updated edition a necessity. All chapters have been revised and reflect the most current RCR landscape. New or further-developed topics include social responsibility and misconduct in social sciences, climate-change research, authorship, and peer review. Updates include new information on research involving human subjects or "vulnerable" biological subjects, as well as genetic research. Just like in previous editions, all chapters contain recent case studies and legal examples of various subjects.
Research Ethics
Author: Robin Levin Penslar
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253209064
Pages: 278
Year: 1995-01
View: 632
Read: 1026
The ethical conduct of research has become an area of great concern on university campuses across the nation. The cases and other materials in this book are designed to foster discussion of research ethics issues in the university classroom. The materials selected for inclusion here can speak to people in all disciplines, though the cases are drawn from biology, psychology, and history. They cover such topics as plagiarism, confidentiality, conflict of interest, fraud and misconduct, access to research materials, the obligations of mentors and teachers, the reporting of data, and the participation of human and animal subjects in research. Specific pedagogical suggestions for many of the cases are provided in the instructional notes. In addition, Research Ethics provides discussions of ethical theory and pedagogy. An annotated bibliography will help instructors identify resources to use as supplements to cases, assist readers who are developing courses in research ethics, and aid further research on the subject.
Using the Biological Literature
Author: Diane Schmidt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146655858X
Pages: 412
Year: 2014-04-14
View: 675
Read: 1040
The biological sciences cover a broad array of literature types, from younger fields like molecular biology with its reliance on recent journal articles, genomic databases, and protocol manuals to classic fields such as taxonomy with its scattered literature found in monographs and journals from the past three centuries. Using the Biological Literature: A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition is an annotated guide to selected resources in the biological sciences, presenting a wide-ranging list of important sources. This completely revised edition contains numerous new resources and descriptions of all entries including textbooks. The guide emphasizes current materials in the English language and includes retrospective references for historical perspective and to provide access to the taxonomic literature. It covers both print and electronic resources including monographs, journals, databases, indexes and abstracting tools, websites, and associations—providing users with listings of authoritative informational resources of both classical and recently published works. With chapters devoted to each of the main fields in the basic biological sciences, this book offers a guide to the best and most up-to-date resources in biology. It is appropriate for anyone interested in searching the biological literature, from undergraduate students to faculty, researchers, and librarians. The guide includes a supplementary website dedicated to keeping URLs of electronic and web-based resources up to date, a popular feature continued from the third edition.
Research Ethics and Integrity for Social Scientists
Author: Mark Israel
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473909155
Pages: 264
Year: 2014-10-20
View: 1029
Read: 462
Ethics and integrity in research are increasingly important for social scientists around the world. We are tackling more complex problems in the face of expanding and not always sympathetic regulation. This book surveys the recent developments and debates around researching ethically and with integrity and complying with ethical requirements. The new edition pushes beyond the work of the first edition through updated and extended coverage of issues relating to international, indigenous, interdisciplinary and internet research. Through case studies and examples drawn from all continents and from across the social science disciplines, the book: demonstrates the practical value of thinking seriously and systematically about ethical conduct in social science research identifies how and why current regulatory regimes have emerged reveals those practices that have contributed to the adversarial relationships between researchers and regulators encourages all parties to develop shared solutions to ethical and regulatory problems.
Research Ethics in Africa
Author: Mariana Kruger, Paul Ndebele, Lyn Horn
Publisher: AFRICAN SUN MeDIA
ISBN: 1920689303
Pages: 224
Year: 2014-06-01
View: 1301
Read: 385
The aim of this book is to provide research ethics committee members with a resource that focuses on research ethics issues in Africa. The authors are currently active in various aspects of research ethics in Africa and the majority have been trained in the past by either the Fogarty International Center or Europe and Developing Countries Clinical Trial Partnership (EDCTP) sponsored bioethics training programmes .
Ethical Issues in Research
Author: Darwin Cheney
Publisher: University Publishing Group.
ISBN:
Pages: 237
Year: 1993
View: 813
Read: 380

On Being a Scientist:
Author: Policy and Global Affairs, Institute of Medicine, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309119707
Pages: 82
Year: 2009-03-24
View: 871
Read: 1131
The scientific research enterprise is built on a foundation of trust. Scientists trust that the results reported by others are valid. Society trusts that the results of research reflect an honest attempt by scientists to describe the world accurately and without bias. But this trust will endure only if the scientific community devotes itself to exemplifying and transmitting the values associated with ethical scientific conduct. On Being a Scientist was designed to supplement the informal lessons in ethics provided by research supervisors and mentors. The book describes the ethical foundations of scientific practices and some of the personal and professional issues that researchers encounter in their work. It applies to all forms of research--whether in academic, industrial, or governmental settings-and to all scientific disciplines. This third edition of On Being a Scientist reflects developments since the publication of the original edition in 1989 and a second edition in 1995. A continuing feature of this edition is the inclusion of a number of hypothetical scenarios offering guidance in thinking about and discussing these scenarios. On Being a Scientist is aimed primarily at graduate students and beginning researchers, but its lessons apply to all scientists at all stages of their scientific careers.
Research Ethics for Social Scientists
Author: Mark Israel, Iain Hay
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1847877761
Pages: 208
Year: 2006-06-15
View: 249
Read: 287
`This is an excellent book which can be recommended both to the professional ethicist seeking to situate research ethics for a social scientific audience and to social scientists seeking an overview of the current ethical landscape of their discipline' - Research Ethics Review Ethics is becoming an increasingly prominent issue for all researchers across the western world. This comprehensive and accessible guide introduces students to the field and encourages knowledge of research ethics in practice. Research Ethics for Social Scientists sets out to do four things: The first is to demonstrate the practical value of thinking seriously and systematically about what constitutes ethical conduct in social science research. Secondly, the text identifies how and why current regulatory regimes have emerged. Thirdly, it seeks to reveal those practices that have contributed to the adversarial relationships between researchers and regulators. Finally, the book hopes to encourage both parties to develop shared solutions to ethical and regulatory problems. Research Ethics for Social Scientists is an excellent introductory text for students as it: - introduces students to ethical theory and philosophy; - provides practical guidance on what ethical theory means for research practice; - provides case studies to give real examples of ethics in research action. The result is an informative, accessible and practical guide to research ethics for any student or researcher in the social sciences.
Ethics in Research
Author: Ian Gregory
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0826464777
Pages: 80
Year: 2003-12-01
View: 662
Read: 1205
"Ian Gregory explores how ethical concerns influence not only how research is conducted but also how researchers engage with a piece of research. Also analysed in detail is the impact ethics have on the interpretation of data and research findings."--BOOK JACKET.
On Being a Scientist
Author: Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309051967
Pages: 40
Year: 1995-01-10
View: 195
Read: 435
Since the first edition of On Being a Scientist was published in 1989, more than 200,000 copies have been distributed to graduate and undergraduate science students. Now this well-received booklet has been updated to incorporate the important developments in science ethics of the past 6 years and includes updated examples and material from the landmark volume Responsible Science (National Academy Press, 1992). The revision reflects feedback from readers of the original version. In response to graduate students' requests, it offers several case studies in science ethics that pose provocative and realistic scenarios of ethical dilemmas and issues. On Being a Scientist presents penetrating discussions of the social and historical context of science, the allocation of credit for discovery, the scientist's role in society, the issues revolving around publication, and many other aspects of scientific work. The booklet explores the inevitable conflicts that arise when the black and white areas of science meet the gray areas of human values and biases. Written in a conversational style, this booklet will be of great interest to students entering scientific research, their instructors and mentors, and anyone interested in the role of scientific discovery in society.
Collecting Qualitative Data
Author: Greg Guest, Emily E. Namey, Marilyn L. Mitchell
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148330714X
Pages: 376
Year: 2012-06-29
View: 524
Read: 204
Collecting Qualitative Data: A Field Manual for Applied Research provides a very practical, step-by-step guide to collecting and managing qualitative data. The data collection chapters focus on the three most often used forms of qualitative data collection: participant observation, in-depth interviews, and focus groups. The book also contains chapters on other practical aspects of qualitative field research often neglected in textbooks, including sampling, data management, research ethics, and supplementary data collection activities. Designed as an instructional field manual, this textbook includes many checklists and tips for how to use each technique while doing research. It also includes numerous real-life examples and cases, making it easy for readers to see the broader picture.
Geoethics
Author: Max Wyss, Silvia Peppoloni
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128000767
Pages: 450
Year: 2014-11-13
View: 1215
Read: 443
Edited by two experts in the area, Geoethics: Ethical Challenges and Case Studies in Earth Sciences addresses a range of topics surrounding the concept of ethics in geoscience, making it an important reference for any Earth scientist with a growing concern for sustainable development and social responsibility. This book will provide the reader with some obvious and some hidden information you need for understanding where experts have not served the public, what more could have been done to reach and serve the public and the ethical issues surrounding the Earth Sciences, from a global perspective. Written by a global group of contributors with backgrounds ranging from philosopher to geo-practitioner, providing a balance of voices Includes case studies, showing where experts have gone wrong and where key organizations have ignored facts, wanting assessments favorable to their agendas Provides a much needed basis for discussion to guide scientists to consider their responsibilities and to improve communication with the public
The Ethics of Science
Author: David B. Resnik, Professor of Medical Humanities the Brody School of Medicine David B Resnik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134705859
Pages: 232
Year: 2005-08-12
View: 965
Read: 1201
Ethics of Science is a comprehensive and student-friendly introduction to the study of ethics in science and scientific research. The book covers: * Science and Ethics * Ethical Theory and Applications * Science as a Profession * Standards of Ethical Conduct in Science * Objectivity in Research * Ethical Issues in the Laboratory * The Scientist in Society * Toward a More Ethical Science * Actual case studies include: Baltimore Affair * cold fusion * Milikan's oil drop experiments * human and animal cloning * Cold War experiments * Strategic Defence Initiative * the Challenger accident * Tobacco Research.
Science and Technology Governance and Ethics
Author: Miltos Ladikas, Sachin Chaturvedi, Yandong Zhao, Dirk Stemerding
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319146939
Pages: 173
Year: 2015-01-26
View: 621
Read: 819
This book analyzes the possibilities for effective global governance of science in Europe, India and China. Authors from the three regions join forces to explore how ethical concerns over new technologies can be incorporated into global science and technology policies. The first chapter introduces the topic, offering a global perspective on embedding ethics in science and technology policy. Chapter Two compares the institutionalization of ethical debates in science, technology and innovation policy in three important regions: Europe, India and China. The third chapter explores public perceptions of science and technology in these same three regions. Chapter Four discusses public engagement in the governance of science and technology, and Chapter Five reviews science and technology governance and European values. The sixth chapter describes and analyzes values demonstrated in the constitution of the People’s Republic of China. Chapter Seven describes emerging evidence from India on the uses of science and technology for socio-economic development, and the quest for inclusive growth. In Chapter Eight, the authors propose a comparative framework for studying global ethics in science and technology. The following three chapters offer case studies and analysis of three emerging industries in India, China and Europe: new food technologies, nanotechnology and synthetic biology. Chapter 12 gathers all these threads for a comprehensive discussion on incorporating ethics into science and technology policy. The analysis is undertaken against the backdrop of different value systems and varying levels of public perception of risks and benefits. The book introduces a common analytical framework for the comparative discussion of ethics at the international level. The authors offer policy recommendations for effective collaboration among the three regions, to promote responsible governance in science and technology and a common analytical perspective in ethics.