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Handbook of Modern Sensors
Author: Jacob Fraden
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319193031
Pages: 758
Year: 2015-10-15
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This book presents a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the theory (physical principles), design, and practical implementations of various sensors for scientific, industrial and consumer applications. This latest edition focuses on the sensing technologies driven by the expanding use of sensors in mobile devices. These new miniature sensors will be described, with an emphasis on smart sensors which have embedded processing systems. The chapter on chemical sensors has also been expanded to present the latest developments. Digital systems, however complex and intelligent they may be, must receive information from the outside world that is generally analog and not electrical. Sensors are interface devices between various physical values and the electronic circuits that "understand" only a language of moving electrical charges. In other words, sensors are the eyes, ears, and noses of silicon chips. Unlike other books on sensors, the Handbook of Modern Sensors is organized according to the measured variables (temperature, pressure, position, etc.). This book is a reference text for students, researchers interested in modern instrumentation (applied physicists and engineers), sensor designers, application engineers and technicians whose job it is to understand, select and/or design sensors for practical systems.
Modern Sensors Handbook
Author: Pavel Ripka, Alois Tipek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111861478X
Pages: 518
Year: 2013-03-01
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Modern sensors working on new principles and/or using new materials and technologies are more precise, faster, smaller, use less power and are cheaper. Given these advantages, it is vitally important for system developers, system integrators and decision makers to be familiar with the principles and properties of the new sensor types in order to make a qualified decision about which sensor type to use in which system and what behavior may be expected. This type of information is very difficult to acquire from existing sources, a situation this book aims to address by providing detailed coverage on this topic. In keeping with its practical theme, the discussion concentrates on sensor types used or having potential to be used in industrial applications.
Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition
Author: John G. Webster, Halit Eren
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439848890
Pages: 1640
Year: 2016-04-19
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The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes. Organized according to measurement problem, the Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement volume of the Second Edition: Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 96 existing chapters Covers instrumentation and measurement concepts, spatial and mechanical variables, displacement, acoustics, flow and spot velocity, radiation, wireless sensors and instrumentation, and control and human factors A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.
Physical Principles of Remote Sensing
Author: Gareth Rees, W. G. Rees
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110700473X
Pages: 492
Year: 2013
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A quantitative yet accessible introduction to remote sensing techniques, this new edition covers a broad spectrum of Earth science applications.
Fluids in Porous Media
Author: Henk Huinink
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681742985
Pages: 115
Year: 2016-09-06
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This book introduces the reader into the field of the physics of processes occurring in porous media. It targets Master and PhD students who need to gain fundamental understanding the impact of confinement on transport and phase change processes. The book gives brief overviews of topics like thermodynamics, capillarity and fluid mechanics in order to launch the reader smoothly into the realm of porous media. In-depth discussions are given of phase change phenomena in porous media, single phase flow, unsaturated flow and multiphase flow. In order to make the topics concrete the book contains numerous example calculations. Further, as much experimental data as possible is plugged in to give the reader the ability to quantify phenomena.
Handbook of Optical Metrology
Author: Toru Yoshizawa
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351831844
Pages: 919
Year: 2017-07-28
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Handbook of Optical Metrology: Principles and Applications begins by discussing key principles and techniques before exploring practical applications of optical metrology. Designed to provide beginners with an introduction to optical metrology without sacrificing academic rigor, this comprehensive text: Covers fundamentals of light sources, lenses, prisms, and mirrors, as well as optoelectronic sensors, optical devices, and optomechanical elements Addresses interferometry, holography, and speckle methods and applications Explains Moiré metrology and the optical heterodyne measurement method Delves into the specifics of diffraction, scattering, polarization, and near-field optics Considers applications for measuring length and size, displacement, straightness and parallelism, flatness, and three-dimensional shapes This new Second Edition is fully revised to reflect the latest developments. It also includes four new chapters—nearly 100 pages—on optical coherence tomography for industrial applications, interference microscopy for surface structure analysis, noncontact dimensional and profile metrology by video measurement, and optical metrology in manufacturing technology.
Building Scientific Apparatus
Author: John H. Moore, Christopher C. Davis, Michael A. Coplan, Sandra C. Greer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521878586
Pages: 647
Year: 2009-06-25
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Unrivalled in its coverage and unique in its hands-on approach, this guide to the design and construction of scientific apparatus is essential reading for every scientist and student of engineering, and physical, chemical, and biological sciences. Covering the physical principles governing the operation of the mechanical, optical and electronic parts of an instrument, new sections on detectors, low-temperature measurements, high-pressure apparatus, and updated engineering specifications, as well as 400 figures and tables, have been added to this edition. Data on the properties of materials and components used by manufacturers are included. Mechanical, optical, and electronic construction techniques carried out in the lab, as well as those let out to specialized shops, are also described. Step-by-step instruction supported by many detailed figures, is given for laboratory skills such as soldering electrical components, glassblowing, brazing, and polishing.
Industrial Hydraulic Systems
Author: Joji Parambath
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1627340580
Pages: 592
Year: 2016-04-06
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Industrial Hydraulic Systems provides an in-depth coverage of conventional hydraulic systems encompassing fixed-displacement pumps, control valves, and actuators as well as the most modern hydraulic systems encompassing highly efficient variable-displacement pumps, electro-hydraulic proportional valves and/or servo valves with integrated electronics. The coverage is further supplemented by many typical hydraulic and electro-hydraulic circuits. Details of different types of auxiliary devices such as reservoirs, filters, accumulators, and piping have also been described in this book. Topics on hydrostatic transmission, cartridge valves, load sensing pump controls, fluids, filters, and seals are given in detail. Design, installation, and maintenance aspects of hydraulic systems are added to make the book more useful to actual practitioners of these systems. Understanding the fundamental laws and principles allows the reader to use basic theoretical concepts in practical applications. The unique feature of this textbook is that all quantities are given in the SI system as well as in the English system of units. This book provides an extensive coverage of fluid power to designers, engineers, technicians, and students of engineering colleges, polytechnics, and vocational training institutes. This book, prepared especially with an academic interest in mind, contains a large number of numerical examples, design problems, and sections for 'Test your Knowledge' and end of chapter questions. This book is intended to provide the most current information available on hydraulic technology.
MEASUREMENT, INSTRUMENTATION AND EXPERIMENT DESIGN IN PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING
Author: MICHAEL SAYER, ABHAI MANSINGH
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120312694
Pages: 380
Year: 1999-01-01
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This book is designed to be used at the advanced undergraduate and introductory graduate level in physics, applied physics and engineering physics. The objectives are to demonstrate the principles of experimental practice in physics and physics related engineering. The text shows how measurement, experiment design, signal processing and modern instru-mentation can be used most effectively. The emphasis is to review techniques in important areas of application so that a reader develops his or her own insight and knowledge to work with any instrument and its manual. Questions are provided throughout to assist the student towards this end. Laboratory practice in temperature measurement, optics, vacuum practice, electrical measurements and nuclear instrumentation is covered in detail.A Solution Manual will be provided for the instructors.
The Physics of Radiation Therapy
Author: Faiz M. Khan
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1451149131
Pages: 592
Year: 2012-03-28
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Dr. Khan's classic textbook on radiation oncology physics is now in its thoroughly revised and updated Fourth Edition. It provides the entire radiation therapy team—radiation oncologists, medical physicists, dosimetrists, and radiation therapists—with a thorough understanding of the physics and practical clinical applications of advanced radiation therapy technologies, including 3D-CRT, stereotactic radiotherapy, HDR, IMRT, IGRT, and proton beam therapy. These technologies are discussed along with the physical concepts underlying treatment planning, treatment delivery, and dosimetry. This Fourth Edition includes brand-new chapters on image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) and proton beam therapy. Other chapters have been revised to incorporate the most recent developments in the field. This edition also features more than 100 full-color illustrations throughout. A companion Website will offer the fully searchable text and an image bank.
The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering, Third Edition
Author: John H. Cushman, Daniel M. Tartakovsky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498703054
Pages: 1074
Year: 2016-11-25
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This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.
Feedback Systems
Author: Karl Johan Aström, Richard M. Murray
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400828732
Pages: 408
Year: 2010-04-12
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This book provides an introduction to the mathematics needed to model, analyze, and design feedback systems. It is an ideal textbook for undergraduate and graduate students, and is indispensable for researchers seeking a self-contained reference on control theory. Unlike most books on the subject, Feedback Systems develops transfer functions through the exponential response of a system, and is accessible across a range of disciplines that utilize feedback in physical, biological, information, and economic systems. Karl Åström and Richard Murray use techniques from physics, computer science, and operations research to introduce control-oriented modeling. They begin with state space tools for analysis and design, including stability of solutions, Lyapunov functions, reachability, state feedback observability, and estimators. The matrix exponential plays a central role in the analysis of linear control systems, allowing a concise development of many of the key concepts for this class of models. Åström and Murray then develop and explain tools in the frequency domain, including transfer functions, Nyquist analysis, PID control, frequency domain design, and robustness. They provide exercises at the end of every chapter, and an accompanying electronic solutions manual is available. Feedback Systems is a complete one-volume resource for students and researchers in mathematics, engineering, and the sciences. Covers the mathematics needed to model, analyze, and design feedback systems Serves as an introductory textbook for students and a self-contained resource for researchers Includes exercises at the end of every chapter Features an electronic solutions manual Offers techniques applicable across a range of disciplines
Expanding the Vision of Sensor Materials
Author: Committee on New Sensor Technologies: Materials and Applications, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Materials Advisory Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309587433
Pages: 129
Year: 1995-07-06
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Advances in materials science and engineering have paved the way for the development of new and more capable sensors. Drawing upon case studies from manufacturing and structural monitoring and involving chemical and long wave-length infrared sensors, this book suggests an approach that frames the relevant technical issues in such a way as to expedite the consideration of new and novel sensor materials. It enables a multidisciplinary approach for identifying opportunities and making realistic assessments of technical risk and could be used to guide relevant research and development in sensor technologies.
Radiation Oncology Physics
Author: Ervin B. Podgoršak
Publisher: IAEA
ISBN:
Pages: 657
Year: 2005-01-01
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This publication is aimed at students and teachers involved in teaching programmes in field of medical radiation physics, and it covers the basic medical physics knowledge required in the form of a syllabus for modern radiation oncology. The information will be useful to those preparing for professional certification exams in radiation oncology, medical physics, dosimetry or radiotherapy technology.
Electronic Circuits
Author: Ulrich Tietze, Christoph Schenk, Eberhard Gamm
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540786554
Pages: 1543
Year: 2015-12-09
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Electronic Circuits covers all important aspects and applications of modern analog and digital circuit design. The basics, such as analog and digital circuits, on operational amplifiers, combinatorial and sequential logic and memories, are treated in Part I, while Part II deals with applications. Each chapter offers solutions that enable the reader to understand ready-made circuits or to proceed quickly from an idea to a working circuit, and always illustrated by an example. Analog applications cover such topics as analog computing circuits. The digital sections deal with AD and DA conversion, digital computing circuits, microprocessors and digital filters. This editions contains the basic electronics for mobile communications. The accompanying CD-ROM contains PSPICE software, an analog-circuit-simulation package, plus simulation examples and model libraries related to the book topics.