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Materials for Engineering
Author: J Martin
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1845691601
Pages: 256
Year: 2006-04-28
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This third edition of what has become a modern classic presents a lively overview of Materials Science which is ideal for students of Structural Engineering. It contains chapters on the structure of engineering materials, the determination of mechanical properties, metals and alloys, glasses and ceramics, organic polymeric materials and composite materials. It contains a section with thought-provoking questions as well as a series of useful appendices. Tabulated data in the body of the text, and the appendices, have been selected to increase the value of Materials for engineering as a permanent source of reference to readers throughout their professional lives. The second edition was awarded Choice’s Outstanding Academic Title award in 2003. This third edition includes new information on emerging topics and updated reading lists.
Materials for Energy Efficiency and Thermal Comfort in Buildings
Author: Matthew R Hall
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845699270
Pages: 760
Year: 2010-04-21
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Almost half of the total energy produced in the developed world is inefficiently used to heat, cool, ventilate and control humidity in buildings, to meet the increasingly high thermal comfort levels demanded by occupants. The utilisation of advanced materials and passive technologies in buildings would substantially reduce the energy demand and improve the environmental impact and carbon footprint of building stock worldwide. Materials for energy efficiency and thermal comfort in buildings critically reviews the advanced building materials applicable for improving the built environment. Part one reviews both fundamental building physics and occupant comfort in buildings, from heat and mass transport, hygrothermal behaviour, and ventilation, on to thermal comfort and health and safety requirements. Part two details the development of advanced materials and sustainable technologies for application in buildings, beginning with a review of lifecycle assessment and environmental profiling of materials. The section moves on to review thermal insulation materials, materials for heat and moisture control, and heat energy storage and passive cooling technologies. Part two concludes with coverage of modern methods of construction, roofing design and technology, and benchmarking of façades for optimised building thermal performance. Finally, Part three reviews the application of advanced materials, design and technologies in a range of existing and new building types, including domestic, commercial and high-performance buildings, and buildings in hot and tropical climates. This book is of particular use to, mechanical, electrical and HVAC engineers, architects and low-energy building practitioners worldwide, as well as to academics and researchers in the fields of building physics, civil and building engineering, and materials science. Explores improving energy efficiency and thermal comfort through material selection and sustainable technologies Documents the development of advanced materials and sustainable technologies for applications in building design and construction Examines fundamental building physics and occupant comfort in buildings featuring heat and mass transport, hygrothermal behaviour and ventilation
Industrial Tomography
Author: Mi Wang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782421238
Pages: 772
Year: 2015-03-30
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Industrial Tomography: Systems and Applications thoroughly explores the important tomographic techniques of industrial tomography, also discussing image reconstruction, systems, and applications. The text presents complex processes, including the way three-dimensional imaging is used to create multiple cross-sections, and how computer software helps monitor flows, filtering, mixing, drying processes, and chemical reactions inside vessels and pipelines. Readers will find a comprehensive discussion on the ways tomography systems can be used to optimize the performance of a wide variety of industrial processes. Provides a comprehensive discussion on the different formats of tomography Includes an excellent overview of image reconstruction using a wide range of applications Presents a comprehensive discussion of tomography systems and their application in a wide variety of industrial processes
Innovation and Technology of Women's Intimate Apparel
Author: W Yu, J Fan, S-P Ng, S Harlock
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1845691695
Pages: 264
Year: 2014-01-23
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The intimate apparel business is undergoing major technological change. New measurement and design techniques, combined with innovative materials and production methods, are transforming the range, quality and applications of women’s lingerie. This important book provides an authoritative review of these developments After an introductory chapter on the concept of body beauty, a first group of chapters discuss innovations in the manufacture of brassieres, including developments in breast measurement and sizing, innovations in bra design and improvements in bra pattern technology. The following sequence of chapters reviews key developments in girdles. Topics discussed include innovations in girdle design and use and research on the physiological effects of body shapers. The book concludes by assessing developments in intimate apparel with special functions such as sports bras, and innovation in knitted and seamless intimate apparel. Innovation and technology of women’s intimate apparel is a standard reference for designers and engineers working in this important area of the textile industry. Reviews the technological and innovative developments of ladies intimate apparel Describes the research principles and scientific understandings of size, materials, pattern and fit to achieve functional and technical design Written by leading experts in the field
Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Author: L C Hollaway, M Leeming
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1855737612
Pages: 352
Year: 1999-03-05
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The in situ rehabilitation or upgrading of reinforced concrete members using bonded steel plates is an effective, convenient and economic method of improving structural performance. However, disadvantages inherent in the use of steel have stimulated research into the possibility of using fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) materials in its place, providing a non-corrosive, more versatile strengthening system. This book presents a detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete members using fibre reinforces polymer composite plates. It is based to a large extent on material developed or provided by the consortium which studied the technology of plate bonding to upgrade structural units using carbon fibre / polymer composite materials. The research and trial tests were undertaken as part of the ROBUST project, one of several ventures in the UK Government's DTI-LINK Structural Composites Programme. The book has been designed for practising structural and civil engineers seeking to understand the principles and design technology of plate bonding, and for final year undergraduate and postgraduate engineers studying the principles of highway and bridge engineering and structural engineering. Detailed study of the flexural strengthening of reinforced and prestressed concrete members using fibre reinforced polymer composites Contains in-depth case histories
Modern Machining Technology
Author: J Paulo Davim
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857094947
Pages: 412
Year: 2011-10-18
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This forward-thinking, practical book provides essential information on modern machining technology for industry with emphasis on the processes used regularly across several major industries. Machining technology presents great interest for many important industries including automotive, aeronautics, aerospace, renewable energy, moulds and dies, biomedical, and many others. Machining processes are manufacturing processes in which parts are shaped by the removal of unwanted material; these processes cover several stages and are usually divided into the following categories: cutting (involving single point or multipoint cutting tools); abrasive processes (including grinding and advanced machining processes, such as EDM (electrical discharge machining), LBM (laser-beam machining), AWJM (abrasive water jet machining) and USM (ultrasonic machining). Provides essential information on modern machining technology, with emphasis on the processes used regularly across several major industries Covers several processes and outlines their many stages Contributions come from a series of international, highly knowledgeable and well-respected experts
Advanced Materials in Automotive Engineering
Author: Jason Rowe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095463
Pages: 352
Year: 2012-02-21
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The automotive industry is under constant pressure to design vehicles capable of meeting increasingly demanding challenges such as improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective emission control. Drawing on the knowledge of leading experts, Advanced materials in automotive engineering explores the development, potential and impact of using such materials. Beginning with a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications, Advanced materials in automotive engineering goes on to consider nanostructured steel for automotive body structures, aluminium sheet and high pressure die-cast aluminium alloys for automotive applications, magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive bodies, and polymer and composite moulding technologies. The final chapters then consider a range of design and manufacturing issues that need to be addressed when working with advanced materials, including the design of advanced automotive body structures and closures, technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, joining systems, and the recycling of automotive materials. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Advanced materials in automotive engineering is an invaluable guide for all those involved in the engineering, design or analysis of motor vehicle bodies and components, as well as all students of automotive design and engineering. Explores the development, potential and impact of using advanced materials for improved fuel economy, enhanced safety and effective mission control in the automotive industry Provides a comprehensive introduction to advanced materials for vehicle lightweighting and automotive applications Covers a range of design ideas and manufacturing issues that arise when working with advanced materials, including technologies for reducing noise, vibration and harshness, and the recycling of automotive materials
Fibrous and Composite Materials for Civil Engineering Applications
Author: R Fangueiro
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092529
Pages: 420
Year: 2011-04-19
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The use of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles, is an important and interesting development. Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications analyses the types and properties of fibrous textile and structures and their applications in reinforcement and civil engineering. Part one introduces different types of fibrous textiles and structures. Chapters cover the properties of natural and man-made fibres and of yarns, as well as an overview of textile structures. Part two focuses on fibrous material use in concrete reinforcement, with chapters on the properties and applications of steel fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and the role of fibre reinforcement in mitigating shrinkage cracks. In part three, the applications of fibrous material-based composites in civil engineering are covered. Chapters concentrate on production techniques and applications such as reinforcement of internal structures, structural health monitoring and textile materials in architectural membranes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fibrous and composite materials for civil engineering applications is a standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field. Explores the development of fibrous materials in civil engineering, both as structural reinforcement and in non-structural applications such as geotextiles Key topics include short fibre reinforced concrete, natural fibre reinforced concrete and high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites A standard reference for fabric and composite manufacturers, civil engineers and professionals, as well as academics with a research interest in this field
Robotic Systems and Autonomous Platforms
Author: Shawn M. Walsh, Michael S. Strano
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081020481
Pages: 603
Year: 2018-10-11
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Robotic Systems and Autonomous Platforms: Advances in Materials and Manufacturing showcases new materials and manufacturing methodologies for the enhancement of robotic and autonomous systems. Initial chapters explore how autonomous systems can enable new uses for materials, including innovations on different length scales, from nano, to macro and large systems. The means by which autonomous systems can enable new uses for manufacturing are also addressed, highlighting innovations in 3D additive manufacturing, printing of materials, novel synthesis of multifunctional materials, and robotic cooperation. Concluding themes deliver highly novel applications from the international academic, industrial and government sectors. This book will provide readers with a complete review of the cutting-edge advances in materials and manufacturing methodologies that could enhance the capabilities of robotic and autonomous systems. Presents comprehensive coverage of materials and manufacturing technologies, as well as sections on related technology, such as sensing, communications, autonomy/control and actuation Explores potential applications demonstrated by a selection of case-studies Contains contributions from leading experts in the field
Braiding Technology for Textiles
Author: Yordan Kyosev
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099213
Pages: 416
Year: 2014-11-04
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Braided fabrics are made by interlacing yarns or strips of fabric. Braiding produces a wide range of structures for technical textile applications from medical sutures to cables for anchoring ships. Written by one of the world’s leading experts in the field, the book reviews the basic principles, design and processes used in braiding. The book also discusses specialised braiding techniques such as spiral braiding and lace technology. Provides a solid foundation in the fundamentals of braiding design, processes and machinery Covers the patterning of braided products and the structural and colour design of both flat and tubular braids Reviews maypole braiding machines and mechanics
Non-Destructive Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Author: Christiane Maierhofer, Hans-Wolf Reinhardt, Gerd Dobmann
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845699602
Pages: 624
Year: 2010-07-27
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Engineers have a range of sophisticated techniques at their disposal to evaluate the condition of reinforced concrete structures and non-destructive evaluation plays a key part in assessing and prioritising where money should be spent on repair or replacement of structurally deficient reinforced concrete structures. Non-destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures, Volume 2: Non-destructive testing methods reviews the latest non-destructive testing techniques for reinforced concrete structures and how they are used. Part one discusses planning and implementing non-destructive testing of reinforced concrete structures with chapters on non-destructive testing methods for building diagnosis, development of automated NDE systems, structural health monitoring systems and data fusion. Part two reviews individual non-destructive testing techniques including wireless monitoring, electromagnetic and acoustic-elastic waves, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, acoustic emission evaluation, magnetic flux leakage, electrical resistivity, capacimetry, measuring the corrosion rate (polarization resistance) and the corrosion potential of reinforced concrete structures, ground penetrating radar, radar tomography, active thermography, nuclear magnetic resonance imaging, stress wave propagation, impact-echo, surface and guided wave techniques and ultrasonics. Part three covers case studies including inspection of concrete retaining walls using ground penetrating radar, acoustic emission and impact echo techniques and using ground penetrating radar to assess an eight-span post-tensioned viaduct. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Non-destructive evaluation of reinforced concrete structures, Volume 2: Non-destructive testing methods is a standard reference for civil and structural engineers as well as those concerned with making decisions regarding the safety of reinforced concrete structures. Reviews the latest non-destructive testing (NDT) techniques and how they are used in practice Explores the process of planning a non-destructive program features strategies for the application of NDT testing A specific section outlines significant advances in individual NDT techniques and features wireless monitoring and electromagnetic and acoustic-elastic wave technology
Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education
Author: Lim, Hwee Ling
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466681845
Pages: 493
Year: 2015-02-28
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The latest research innovations and enhanced technologies have altered the discipline of materials science and engineering. As a direct result of these developments, new trends in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) pedagogy have emerged that require attention. The Handbook of Research on Recent Developments in Materials Science and Corrosion Engineering Education brings together innovative and current advances in the curriculum design and course content of MSE education programs. Focusing on the application of instructional strategies, pedagogical frameworks, and career preparation techniques, this book is an essential reference source for academicians, engineering practitioners, researchers, and industry professionals interested in emerging and future trends in MSE training and education.
Analysis and Performance of Engineering Materials
Author: Gennady E. Zaikov
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498707734
Pages: 544
Year: 2015-08-28
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This new book facilitates the study of problematic chemicals in such applications as chemical fate modeling, chemical process design, and experimental design. It provides a valuable overview of current chemical processes, products, and practices and analyzes theories to formulate and prove physicochemical principles. It addresses the production and application of polymers, including chemical, physicochemical, and purely physical methods of examination. Topics include: • Radiotransparent fiberglass plastic products based on highly cross-linked polymer matrices • Properties and development of hyaluronan (HA) for pharmaceutical applications • Adhesive bonding of steel sheets treated by nitrooxidation in comparison with nontreated steel • Results of simulation by the Monte Carlo method of kinetics of three-dimensional free-radical polymerization of tetrafunctional monomers (TFM) • Elastomeric compositions based on systems with functionally active components for extreme conditions • Experimental research on efficient clearing of gas emissions in the manufacture of ceramic materials • The use of solar cells in the manufacture of textile materials • Ceramization of polymer compositions as a method for flame retardancy in materials The important research found in this book will aid scientists and researchers in developing improved engineering materials. The book’s coverage of a broad spectrum of key developments can be applied in industrial chemistry, biochemistry, and materials science.
Welding Processes Handbook
Author: K Weman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095188
Pages: 280
Year: 2011-11-08
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The first edition of Welding processes handbook established itself as a standard introduction and guide to the main welding technologies and their applications. This new edition has been substantially revised and extended to reflect the latest developments. After an initial introduction, the book first reviews gas welding before discussing the fundamentals of arc welding, including arc physics and power sources. It then discusses the range of arc welding techniques including TIG, plasma, MIG/MAG, MMA and submerged arc welding. Further chapters cover a range of other important welding technologies such as resistance and laser welding, as well as the use of welding techniques for cutting, surface cladding and hardfacing, soldering and brazing. A final group of chapters discuss more general issues such as mechanisation, safety, residual stress and distortion, welding design, costs and quality assurance, as well as the welding of steel and aluminium. The new edition of Welding processes handbook confirms its reputation as a concise, authoritative and practical introduction to welding and its applications for both students and engineers. It is designed to meet the requirements of Module 1: Welding processes and equipment of the International Institute of Welding (IIW) guidelines for the training of welding personnel at IWE, IWT, IWS and IWP level. This new edition has been substantially revised and extended to reflect the latest developments in the main welding technologies and their applications Reviews gas welding and discusses the fundamentals of arc welding, including arc physics and power sources, before covering the range of arc welding techniques, including TIG, plasma, MIG/MAG, MMA and submerged arc welding Examines a range of important welding technologies, such as resistance and laser welding and the use of welding techniques for cutting, surface cladding and hardfacing, soldering and brazing
Fatigue of Textile Composites
Author: Valter Carvelli, Stepan V Lomov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782422935
Pages: 510
Year: 2015-05-16
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Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications