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Materials, Preparation, and Characterization in Thermoelectrics
Author: David Michael Rowe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439874700
Pages: 552
Year: 2012-04-25
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This book includes updated theoretical considerations which provide an insight into avenues of research most likely to result in further improvements in material performance. It details the latest techniques for the preparation of thermoelectric materials employed in energy harvesting, together with advances in the thermoelectric characterisation of nanoscale material. The book reviews the use of neutron beams to investigate phonons, whose behaviour govern the lattice thermal conductivity and includes a chapter on patents.
Thermoelectric Materials and Devices
Author: Iris Nandhakumar, Neil M. White, Stephen Beeby
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 178262323X
Pages: 255
Year: 2016-09-02
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Authoritative account of recent developments in thermoelectric materials and devices for power energy harvesting applications, ideal for researchers and industrialists in materials science.
Preparation and Characterization of Materials
Author: J Honig
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323144357
Pages: 622
Year: 2012-12-02
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Preparation and Characterization of Materials brings together the proceedings of the Indo-U.S. Workshop on the Preparation and Characterization of Materials, held on February 19-23, 1981, at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, India. The papers focus on advances and developments in the preparation and characterization of materials such as ferroics, layered materials, metal oxides and other electronic materials, amorphous materials including glasses, and high-temperature ceramics. This book is comprised of 25 chapters and begins with a discussion on crystal growth and other preparation techniques, touching on topics such as solid state synthesis of complex oxides and preparation of soft ferrites. The application of neutron scattering techniques and analytical electron microscopy to materials research and materials science is then considered, along with the dielectric and electro-optic applications of ferroics and the preparation and characterization of synthetic layered inorganic ion exchangers. Subsequent chapters deal with metal oxides and other electronic materials; glasses and other amorphous materials; and high-temperature ceramics such as silicon nitride. This monograph will be of interest to materials scientists and engineers as well as students and researchers in materials science.
Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability
Author: Norbert Grünwald
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3945021189
Pages: 272
Year: 2015-06-03
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The ICEBE conference in Windhoek is the sixth in a series of annual conferences on engineering and business education. It is organized by the Robert-Schmidt-Institute (University Wismar), hosted by Polytechnic of Namibia and co-organised by University of Applied Sciences Jena. The conferences were held in Sibiu (Romania), Manila (Philippines), Cape Town (South Africa) and Wismar (Germany). The theme of the Windhoek Conference is “Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Sustainability which describes the emphasis that is laid on always using these three terms in combination, i.e., not to consider one in isolation from the others. Thus the primary target of this conference is to provide the delegates with cross-disciplinary thinking related to the three main streams in engineering and business education.
Functional Finishes for Textiles
Author: Roshan Paul
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857098454
Pages: 678
Year: 2014-10-20
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Functional finishes for textiles reviews the most important fabric finishes in the textile industry. It discusses finishes designed to improve the comfort and other properties of fabrics, as well as finishes which protect the fabric or the wearer. Each chapter reviews the role of a finish, the mechanisms and chemistry behind the finish, types of finish and their methods of application, application to particular textiles, testing and future trends. Describes finishes to improve comfort, performance, and protection of fabric or the wearer Examines the mechanisms and chemistry behind different types of finishes and their methods of application, testing and future trends Considers environmental issues concerning functional finishes
Advanced Materials
Author: Shun-Hsyung Chang, Ivan Parinov, Vitaly Yu. Topolov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319037498
Pages: 380
Year: 2014-03-25
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Advanced materials are the basis of modern science and technology. This proceedings volume presents a broad spectrum of studies of novel materials covering their processing techniques, physics, mechanics, and applications. The book is concentrated on nanostructures, ferroelectric crystals, materials and composites, materials for solar cells and also polymeric composites. Nanotechnology approaches, modern piezoelectric techniques and also latest achievements in materials science, condensed matter physics, mechanics of deformable solids and numerical methods are presented. Great attention is devoted to novel devices with high accuracy, longevity and extended possibilities to work in wide temperature and pressure ranges, aggressive media etc. The characteristics of materials and composites with improved properties opening new possibilities of various physical processes, in particular transmission and receipt of signals under water, are described.
CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics
Author: D.M. Rowe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420049712
Pages: 701
Year: 1995-07-14
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Thermoelectrics is the science and technology associated with thermoelectric converters, that is, the generation of electrical power by the Seebeck effect and refrigeration by the Peltier effect. Thermoelectric generators are being used in increasing numbers to provide electrical power in medical, military, and deep space applications where combinations of their desirable properties outweigh their relatively high cost and low generating efficiency. In recent years there also has been an increase in the requirement for thermoelectric coolers (Peltier devices) for use in infrared detectors and in optical communications. Information on thermoelectrics is not readily available as it is widely scattered throughout the literature. The Handbook centralizes this information in a convenient format under a single cover. Sixty of the world's foremost authorities on thermoelectrics have contributed to this Handbook. It is comprised of fifty-five chapters, a number of which contain previously unpublished material. The contents are arranged in eight sections: general principles and theoretical considerations, material preparation, measurement of thermoelectric properties, thermoelectric materials, thermoelectric generation, generator applications, thermoelectric refrigeration, and applications of thermoelectric cooling. The CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics has a broad-based scope. It will interest researchers, technologists, and manufacturers, as well as students and the well-informed, non-specialist reader.
Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering
Author: Lobat Tayebi, Keyvan Moharamzadeh
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081009674
Pages: 562
Year: 2017-07-28
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Biomaterials for Oral and Dental Tissue Engineering examines the combined impact of materials, advanced techniques and applications of engineered oral tissues. With a strong focus on hard and soft intraoral tissues, the book looks at how biomaterials can be manipulated and engineered to create functional oral tissue for use in restorative dentistry, periodontics, endodontics and prosthodontics. Covering the current knowledge of material production, evaluation, challenges, applications and future trends, this book is a valuable resource for materials scientists and researchers in academia and industry. The first set of chapters reviews a wide range of biomaterial classes for oral tissue engineering. Further topics include material characterization, modification, biocompatibility and biotoxicity. Part Two reviews strategies for biomaterial scaffold design, while chapters in parts three and four review soft and hard tissues. Connects materials science with restorative dentistry Focuses on the unique field of intraoral tissues Highlights long-term biocompatibility and toxicity of biomaterials for engineered oral tissues
Advances in Energy Research
Author: Morena J. Acosta
ISBN: 153614214X
Year: 2018
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Thermoelectrics Handbook
Author: D.M. Rowe
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420038907
Pages: 1008
Year: 2005-12-09
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Ten years ago, D.M. Rowe introduced the bestselling CRC Handbook of Thermoelectrics to wide acclaim. Since then, increasing environmental concerns, desire for long-life electrical power sources, and continued progress in miniaturization of electronics has led to a substantial increase in research activity involving thermoelectrics. Reflecting the latest trends and developments, the Thermoelectrics Handbook: Macro to Nano is an extension of the earlier work and covers the entire range of thermoelectrics disciplines. Serving as a convenient reference as well as a thorough introduction to thermoelectrics, this book includes contributions from 99 leading authorities from around the world. Its coverage spans from general principles and theoretical concepts to material preparation and measurements; thermoelectric materials; thermoelements, modules, and devices; and thermoelectric systems and applications. Reflecting the enormous impact of nanotechnology on the field-as the thermoelectric properties of nanostructured materials far surpass the performance of conventional materials-each section progresses systematically from macro-scale to micro/nano-scale topics. In addition, the book contains an appendix listing major manufacturers and suppliers of thermoelectric modules. There is no longer any need to spend hours plodding through the journal literature for information. The Thermoelectrics Handbook: Macro to Nano offers a timely, comprehensive treatment of all areas of thermoelectrics in a single, unified reference.
Sol-gel Based Nanoceramic Materials: Preparation, Properties and Applications
Author: Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319495127
Pages: 297
Year: 2016-12-10
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This book summarizes recent research and development in the field of nanostructured ceramics and their composites. It presents selected examples of ceramic materials with special electronic, catalytic and optical properties and exceptional mechanical characteristics. A special focus is on sol-gel based and organic-inorganic hybrid nanoceramic materials. The book highlights examples for preparation techniques including scale-up, properties of smart ceramic composites, and applications including e.g. waste water treatment, heavy metal removal, sensors, electronic devices and fuel cells. Recent challenges are addressed and potential solutions are suggested for these. This book hence addresses chemists, materials scientists, and engineers, working with nanoceramic materials and on their applications.
Zinc Oxide Nanostructures
Author: Magnus Willander
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814411345
Pages: 232
Year: 2014-07-22
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Zinc oxide (ZnO) in its nanostructured form is emerging as a promising material with great potential for the development of many smart electronic devices. This book presents up-to-date information about various synthesis methods to obtain device-quality ZnO nanostructures. It describes both high-temperature (over 100° C) and low-temperature (under 100° C) approaches to synthesizing ZnO nanostructures; device applications for technical and medical devices, light-emitting diodes, electrochemical sensors, nanogenerators, and photodynamic therapy; and the concept of self-powered devices and systems using ZnO nanostructures. The book emphasizes the utilization of non-conventional substrates such as plastic, paper, and textile as new platforms for developing electronics.
Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Author: Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309165482
Pages: 332
Year: 2005-04-04
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Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research examines current interdisciplinary research efforts and recommends ways to stimulate and support such research. Advances in science and engineering increasingly require the collaboration of scholars from various fields. This shift is driven by the need to address complex problems that cut across traditional disciplines, and the capacity of new technologies to both transform existing disciplines and generate new ones. At the same time, however, interdisciplinary research can be impeded by policies on hiring, promotion, tenure, proposal review, and resource allocation that favor traditional disciplines. This report identifies steps that researchers, teachers, students, institutions, funding organizations, and disciplinary societies can take to more effectively conduct, facilitate, and evaluate interdisciplinary research programs and projects. Throughout the report key concepts are illustrated with case studies and results of the committee’s surveys of individual researchers and university provosts.
Author: Cole Lynwood
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
ISBN: 1633213560
Pages: 303
Year: 2014-01-01
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Polystyrene represents one of the oldest and the most widespread polymers in the world. Its starts as far back as 1839 when a German apothecary Edmon Simon distilled an oily liquid named styrol from the resin of Turkish sweet gum trees. In several days, the sterol converted into a jelly product that he thought resulted from the oxidation process. For that reason, the jelly product received the name styroloxide. This book discusses the synthesis of polystyrene, as well as the characteristics and applications of this polymer.
Materials for Energy Conversion Devices
Author: C. C. Sorrell, Sunao Sugihara, Janusz Nowotny
Publisher: Taylor & Francis US
ISBN: 1855739321
Pages: 416
Year: 2005
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This book opens with a detailed exploration of the fields of solar energy and thermoelectric conversion. Beginning with chapters on photoelectrochemical devices, properties and uses of photosensitive materials and solar cells, it then moves its focus on thermoelectricity, starting with an introduction to the subject and then explaining the field of thermoelectricity measurement. The book goes on to discuss the field of chemical and nuclear energy conversion and monitoring, including chapters on fast ionic conductors, oxygen ionic conductors and high-level radioactive waste and electrochemical gas sensors for emission control. This innovative new study is the first comprehensive survey of major new developments in energy conversion devices, with contributions from an international group of leading innovators.