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Medical Biochemistry
Author: Miriam D. Rosenthal, Robert H. Glew
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118210298
Pages: 440
Year: 2011-09-20
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Metabolism includes various pathways of chemical reactions; understanding these pathways leads to an improved knowledge of the causes, preventions, and cures for human diseases. Medical Biochemistry: Human Metabolism in Health and Disease provides a concise yet thorough explanation of human metabolism and its role in health and diseases. Focusing on the physiological context of human metabolism without extensive consideration of the mechanistic principles of underlying enzymology, the books serves as both a primary text and resource for students and professional in medical, dental, and allied health programs.
Marks' Basic Medical Biochemistry
Author: Alisa Peet
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 160831572X
Pages: 1014
Year: 2012-02-01
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This core textbook helps medical students bridge the gap between biochemistry, physiology, and clinical care. The strength of Mark's Basic Medical Biochemistry is that it starts with the patient—the metabolic and nutritional needs of the human body (easy for students to understand)—as opposed to explanations of complex chemical theory. Mark's Basic empahsizes clinical correlations throughout the text and links biochemical concepts to physiology and pathophysiology, using patient vignettes as the context. These specific and memorable mock patient cases are followed throughout the chapter to pose questions, illustrate core concepts, and help students remember and apply biochemical priniciples within the context of clinical practice.
Medical Biochemistry
Author: N. V. Bhagavan
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0120954400
Pages: 1016
Year: 2002
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Thoroughly updated and in a new two-color format, this well- respected text presents the fundamentals of biochemistry and related topics to students pursuing a one- or two-semester course in pre-med biochemistry or medical programs. The second edition is equally applicable to other health-related fields such as clinical chemistry, medical technology or pharmacology. Medical Biochemistry, Fourth Edition, focuses on the foundations and clinically relevant applications of normal human biochemistry and pathology. Abundantly illustrated with four-color plates. Revised chapters on molecular biology reflect the latest research in the field Two color throughout with four color plates Reference quality appendices include practical information on clinical lab parameters used to diagnose a range of diseases
Lipids in Health and Disease
Author: Peter Quinn, Xiaoyuan Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402088310
Pages: 598
Year: 2008-08-27
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Lipids are functionally versatile molecules. They have evolved from relatively simple hydrocarbons that serve as depot storages of metabolites and barriers to the permeation of solutes into complex compounds that perform a variety of signalling functions in higher organisms. This volume is devoted to the polar lipids and their constituents. We have omitted the neutral lipids like fats and oils because their function is generally to act as deposits of metabolizable substrates. The sterols are also outside the scope of the present volume and the reader is referred to volume 28 of this series which is the subject of cholesterol. The polar lipids are comprised of fatty acids attached to either glycerol or sphingosine. The fatty acids themselves constitute an important reservoir of substrates for conversion into families of signalling and modulating molecules including the eicosanoids amongst which are the prostaglandins, thromboxanes and leucotrienes. The way fatty acid metabolism is regulated in the liver and how fatty acids are desaturated are subjects considered in the first part of this volume. This section also deals with the modulation of protein function and inflammation by unsaturated fatty acids and their derivatives. New insights into the role of fatty acid synthesis and eicosenoid function in tumour progression and metastasis are presented.
Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism
Author: Sareen S. Gropper, Jack L. Smith, Timothy P. Carr
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1337514217
Pages: 640
Year: 2016-10-05
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Current, comprehensive, and designed to maximize clarity of essential concepts, longtime best-seller ADVANCED NUTRITION AND HUMAN METABOLISM delivers its signature quality content in a student-friendly way. The 7th Edition continues to set the standard through the authors' ability to clearly and accurately explain even the most complex metabolic processes and concepts, while staying at an undergraduate level. It gives students a solid understanding of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of fat, protein, and carbohydrates; examines the structures and functions of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins -- including their regulatory roles in metabolism; and provides information on vitamin and mineral food sources, recommended intakes, deficiency, and toxicity. With ADVANCED NUTRITION AND HUMAN METABOLISM, 7th Edition, students will be well prepared to continue their studies in the field of nutrition. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
How Fat Works
Author: Philip A. Wood
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674045327
Pages: 265
Year: 2009-06-30
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How Fat Works is a concise and up-to-date primer on the workings of fat. It is essential reading for professionals entering careers in medicine and public health administration or anyone wanting a better understanding of one of our most urgent health crises.
Diet and Health
Author: Arno G. Motulsky, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
Pages: 20
Year: 1989-01-01
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Diet and Health examines the many complex issues concerning diet and its role in increasing or decreasing the risk of chronic disease. It proposes dietary recommendations for reducing the risk of the major diseases and causes of death today: atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (including heart attack and stroke), cancer, high blood pressure, obesity, osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, liver disease, and dental caries.
Medical Biochemistry E-Book
Author: John W Baynes, Marek H. Dominiczak
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702073008
Pages: 702
Year: 2018-01-03
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Now fully revised, this acclaimed textbook efficiently links basic biochemistry with the day-to-day practice of medicine. You will learn basic science concepts and see them illustrated by clinical cases that describe patients you will likely encounter in your clinical training. You will also learn about the use of laboratory tests to diagnose and monitor the most important conditions. Brought to you in a thorough yet accessible manner, this new edition of Medical Biochemistry highlights the latest developments in regulatory and molecular biology, signal transduction, biochemistry and biomarkers of chronic disease, and bioinformatics and the ‘–omics’. It highlights the most important global medical issues: diabetes mellitus, obesity and malnutrition, cancer and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, and addresses the role of nutrition and exercise in medicine. Featuring a team of expert contributors that includes investigators involved in cutting-edge research as well as experienced clinicians, this book offers a unique combination of research and clinical practice tailored to today’s integrated courses. Read organ-focused chapters addressing the biochemistry of the bone, kidney, liver, lungs and muscle; and system-focused ones addressing the biochemistry of the immune and endocrine systems, neurochemistry and neurotransmission, and cancer
Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D
Author: Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309212030
Pages: 1132
Year: 2011-03-30
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Calcium and vitamin D are essential nutrients for the human body. Establishing the levels of these nutrients that are needed by the North American population is based on the understanding of the health outcomes that calcium and vitamin D affect. It is also important to establish how much of each nutrient may be "too much." Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D provides reference intake values for these two nutrients. The report updates the DRI values defined in Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride, the 1997 study from the Institute of Medicine. This 2011 book provides background information on the biological functions of each nutrient, reviews health outcomes that are associated with the intake of calcium and vitamin D, and specifies Estimated Average Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for both. It also identifies Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, which are levels above wish the risk for harm may increase. The book includes an overview of current dietary intake in the U.S. and Canada, and discusses implications of the study. A final chapter provides research recommendations. The DRIs established in this book incorporate current scientific evidence about the roles of vitamin D and calcium in human health and will serve as a valuable guide for a range of stakeholders including dietitians and other health professionals, those who set national nutrition policy, researchers, the food industry, and private and public health organizations and partnerships.
Inherited Metabolic Diseases
Author: Georg F. Hoffmann, Johannes Zschocke, William L. Nyhan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662494108
Pages: 605
Year: 2016-09-20
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This book focuses on clinical presentations that may be caused by inherited metabolic diseases. Its symptom- and system-based approach will help clinicians with and without detailed knowledge of human biochemistry in all specialties to reach a correct diagnosis and institute the optimal treatment program. The book summarizes the central elements of inherited metabolic diseases and describes clearly how to carry out an efficient yet complete diagnostic work-up, thereby guiding the clinician from the presenting symptoms and signs through to effective initial management. After an introduction to the different disorders, the book explains when to consider an inborn metabolic error and which initial tests to order. Core aspects such as structured communication, guidelines, transition, pregnancy, maternal care and how to respond to various medical emergencies are covered. Therapeutic concepts such as dietary treatment are delineated and practical advice provided on the quite different treatment approaches required for individual diseases. An extensive section structured according to organ systems outlines the correct approach in the context of specific symptoms and signs. The value of each of the potential investigations is explained, with precise advice on the interpretation of results. The inclusion of algorithms, tables, lists, and charts facilitates rapid decision making and information retrieval, and the appendices include a helpful guide to differential diagnosis based on clinical and biochemical phenotypes. This new updated edition of Inherited Metabolic Diseases will be an invaluable aid for the busy clinician and an excellent quick reference for metabolic and genetic specialists.
Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
Author: Institute of Medicine, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309132975
Pages: 288
Year: 2001-07-02
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It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.
Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation:
Author: Committee on Sleep Medicine and Research, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309101115
Pages: 424
Year: 2006-09-13
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Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patients-sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.
Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids (Macronutrients)
Author: Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, Subcommittees on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes, A Report of the Panel on Macronutrients, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030908525X
Pages: 1357
Year: 2005-10-28
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Responding to the expansion of scientific knowledge about the roles of nutrients in human health, the Institute of Medicine has developed a new approach to establish Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and other nutrient reference values. The new title for these values Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), is the inclusive name being given to this new approach. These are quantitative estimates of nutrient intakes applicable to healthy individuals in the United States and Canada. This new book is part of a series of books presenting dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients. It establishes recommendations for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. This book presents new approaches and findings which include the following: The establishment of Estimated Energy Requirements at four levels of energy expenditure Recommendations for levels of physical activity to decrease risk of chronic disease The establishment of RDAs for dietary carbohydrate and protein The development of the definitions of Dietary Fiber, Functional Fiber, and Total Fiber The establishment of Adequate Intakes (AI) for Total Fiber The establishment of AIs for linolenic and a-linolenic acids Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges as a percent of energy intake for fat, carbohydrate, linolenic and a-linolenic acids, and protein Research recommendations for information needed to advance understanding of macronutrient requirements and the adverse effects associated with intake of higher amounts Also detailed are recommendations for both physical activity and energy expenditure to maintain health and decrease the risk of disease.
Basic Neurochemistry
Author: Scott T. Brady, George J. Siegel
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123749476
Pages: 1096
Year: 2012
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Includes bibliographical references and index.
The Telomere Effect
Author: Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn, Dr. Elissa Epel
Publisher: Grand Central Publishing
ISBN: 1455587966
Pages: 302
Year: 2017-01-03
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NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER The revolutionary book coauthored by the Nobel Prize winner who discovered telomerase and telomeres' role in the aging process and the health psychologist who has done original research into how specific lifestyle and psychological habits can protect telomeres, slowing disease and improving life. Have you wondered why some sixty-year-olds look and feel like forty-year-olds and why some forty-year-olds look and feel like sixty-year-olds? While many factors contribute to aging and illness, Dr. Elizabeth Blackburn discovered a biological indicator called telomerase, the enzyme that replenishes telomeres, which protect our genetic heritage. Dr. Blackburn and Dr. Elissa Epel's research shows that the length and health of one's telomeres are a biological underpinning of the long-hypothesized mind-body connection. They and other scientists have found that changes we can make to our daily habits can protect our telomeres and increase our health spans (the number of years we remain healthy, active, and disease-free). THE TELOMERE EFFECT reveals how Blackburn and Epel's findings, together with research from colleagues around the world, cumulatively show that sleep quality, exercise, aspects of diet, and even certain chemicals profoundly affect our telomeres, and that chronic stress, negative thoughts, strained relationships, and even the wrong neighborhoods can eat away at them. Drawing from this scientific body of knowledge, they share lists of foods and suggest amounts and types of exercise that are healthy for our telomeres, mind tricks you can use to protect yourself from stress, and information about how to protect your children against developing shorter telomeres, from pregnancy through adolescence. And they describe how we can improve our health spans at the community level, with neighborhoods characterized by trust, green spaces, and safe streets. THE TELOMERE EFFECT will make you reassess how you live your life on a day-to-day basis. It is the first book to explain how we age at a cellular level and how we can make simple changes to keep our chromosomes and cells healthy, allowing us to stay disease-free longer and live more vital and meaningful lives.