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More Urban Water
Author: Fransje Hooimeijer, Wout Toorn Vrijthoff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 020393850X
Pages: 240
Year: 2008-01-07
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The perceptibly changing climate has resulted in more precipitation in a small number of short periods. As most urban water management systems were developed at a time when precipitation was distributed more evenly throughout the year, they cannot deal properly with the new circumstances, and high groundwater levels and excess water are the result. In practice, many urban dwellers are consequently confronted with flooded cellars and inaccessible urban infrastructure. To solve these phenomena in the future, a major part of the urban water programmes for the next few decades consists of restructuring and transformation of the existing urban areas, in which water management is considered as an integral part of urban renewal activities and in which its capacity is compliant with the urban area scale. With an integral approach, this book treats the relation of urbanism and water management in Dutch water cities. It also treats the financial aspects of the adjustment of existing water systems to meet the changes in the urban hydrological cycle. It presents the typology of typical current and future Dutch water cities, their urban function and the ecological and technical aspects. Separate chapters deal with the transformation of the historical city, the consolidation of the inter-war city and the restructuring of the post-war city to meet future conditions. The final chapter presents a comparison of the Dutch situation with South Korean (Seoul), Japanese (Tokyo) and German (Ruhr area) urban areas.
The Future of Water in African Cities
Author: Michael Jacobsen, Michael Webster, Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821397222
Pages: 224
Year: 2012-11-01
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Coping with increasing water demand of rapidly-growing cities in Sub-Saharan Africa will require new and innovative planning and management solutions. This book presents Integrated Urban Water Management, an innovative and holistic approach for all components of the urban water cycle to better adapt to current and future urban water challenges.
Urban Climate Design. Improving Thermal Comfort in Dutch Neighbourhoods
Author: Laura Kleerekoper
Publisher: Tu Delft
ISBN: 9461866828
Pages: 382
Year: 2016-06-02
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This book presents research into the possibilities for climate adaptation in Dutch urban areas. How can cities prepare best for extreme rainfall, droughts, and heat waves in future climates? These events are likely to become more frequent and more extreme. The focus is on heat resistance as this has been a neglected concept in Dutch urban planning. The aim of this study is to extend our knowledge of the effects of climate-adaptation measures and to stimulate the implementation of such measures in the design of public space. Anticipating on the effects of climate change, the research was guided by the question: Which urban design principles can be applied in specific Dutch neighbourhoods to respond to the effects of climate change, especially in terms of outdoor thermal comfort and water management?
Dutch Dikes
Author: Eric-Jan Pleijster, Cees van der Veeken
Publisher: Nai Uitgevers Pub
ISBN: 9462081514
Pages: 344
Year: 2015-03-24
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The Netherlands has many thousands of dikes. Dikes are the conveyors of our landscape, and have great cultural-historical value. We live in dike houses on the Waalbanddijk, cycle along the meandering Omringdijk in West Friesland, or visit the monument on the Afsluitdijk. Nevertheless, quite a few of the dikes fail to meet current safety standards. In order to guarantee our safety, knowledge about dikes is therefore necessary. It is time for an overview as well as a look towards the future. Despite their importance to our history, economy, culture, and nature, our dikes have never been properly mapped out. This is remarkable, because without dikes, the Netherlands would never have existed; they are our most important invention. In this book, based on the first Dike Map of the Netherlands, the Dutch dikes will for the first time be described, interpreted, and portrayed in their entirety: from primary embankment to relict, from seawall to waterline dike, and from dreamer dike to watchman dike. The list of the top 100 dikes shows the most remarkable dikes of the Netherlands
Cities and Flooding
Author: Abhas K. Jha, Robin Bloch, Jessica Lamond
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821394770
Pages: 632
Year: 2012-02-01
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Urban flooding is an increasing challenge today to the expanding cities and towns of developing countries. This Handbook is a state-of-the art, user-friendly operational guide that shows decision makers and specialists how to effectively manage the risk of floods in rapidly urbanizing settings--and within the context of a changing climate.
Climate Adaptation and Flood Risk in Coastal Cities
Author: Jeroen Aerts, Wouter Botzen, Malcolm Bowman, Piet Dircke, Philip Ward
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113652892X
Pages: 320
Year: 2013-12-04
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This book presents climate adaptation and flood risk problems and solutions in coastal cities including an independent investigation of adaptation paths and problems in Rotterdam, New York and Jakarta. The comparison draws out lessons that each city can learn from the others. While the main focus is on coastal flooding, cities are also affected by climate change in other ways, including impacts that occur away from the coast. The New York City Water Supply System, for example, stretches as far as 120 miles upstate, and the New York City Department of Environmental Protection has undertaken extensive climate assessment not only for its coastal facilities, but also for its upstate facilities, which will be affected by rising temperatures, droughts, inland flooding and water quality changes. The authors examine key questions, such as: Are current city plans climate proof or do we need to finetune our ongoing investments? Can we develop a flood proof subway system? Can we develop new infrastructure in such a way that it serves flood protection, housing and natural values?
Water Justice
Author: Rutgerd Boelens, Tom Perreault, Jeroen Vos, Margreet Zwarteveen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107179084
Pages: 390
Year: 2018-03-15
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An overview of critical conceptual approaches to water justice, illustrated with global historic and contemporary case studies of socio-environmental struggles.
Climate Change and Cities
Author: Cynthia Rosenzweig, William D. Solecki, Stephen A. Hammer, Shagun Mehrotra
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139497405
Pages:
Year: 2011-04-28
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Urban areas are home to over half the world's people and are at the forefront of the climate change issue. The need for a global research effort to establish the current understanding of climate change adaptation and mitigation at the city level is urgent. To meet this goal a coalition of international researchers - the Urban Climate Change Research Network (UCCRN) - was formed at the time of the C40 Large Cities Climate Summit in New York in 2007. This book is the First UCCRN Assessment Report on Climate Change and Cities. The authors are all international experts from a diverse range of cities with varying socio-economic conditions, from both the developing and developed world. It is invaluable for mayors, city officials and policymakers; urban sustainability officers and urban planners; and researchers, professors and advanced students.
Future Forms and Design For Sustainable Cities
Author: Mike Jenks, Nicola Dempsey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136401431
Pages: 456
Year: 2006-08-11
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Concentrating on the planning and design of cities, the three sections take a logical route through the discussion from the broad considerations at regional and city scale, to the larger city at high and lower densities through to design considerations on the smaller block scale. Key design issues such as access to facilities, access for sunlight, life cycle analyses, and the impact of communications on urban design are tackled, and in conclusion, the research is compared to large scale design examples that have been proposed and/or implemented over the past decade to give a vision for the future that might be achievable.
Urban Water in Japan
Author: Rutger de Graaf, Fransje Hooimeijer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482266229
Pages: 242
Year: 2014-04-21
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Water control is essential to Japan, as more than half of its invested capital is concentrated in elevations under sea level and the majority of the island nation is exceptionally vulnerable to flooding. To avoid potential crisis, the Japanese have developed exceptionally innovative water management practices. Offering the unique perspective of Dutch engineers, considered the world’s most progressive urban water experts, this volume provide a detailed look at how Japan has developed its modern water system. It looks at the system of Tokyo city, discusses river management practices and urban flood control throughout the country, and considers the impact that these innovations have had on delta regions.
Use of Landscape Sciences for the Assessment of Environmental Security
Author: Irene Petrosillo, Felix Müller, K. Bruce Jones, Giovanni Zurlini, Kinga Krauze, Sergey Victorov, Bai-Lian Li, William G. Kepner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402065884
Pages: 497
Year: 2007-10-02
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This book examines environmental security from the perspective of landscape sciences, identifying the forces that threaten environmental security at all levels. It stems from the last five years of the Pilot Study Project on Use of Landscape Sciences for Environmental Assessment sponsored by the NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society. Readers explore concepts of environmental security from subjective and objective perspectives.
Environmental History of Water
Author: Petri S. Juuti, Tapio Katko, H. Vuorinen
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1843391104
Pages: 640
Year: 2007-02-01
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The World Water Development Report 2003 pointed out the extensive problem that: 'Sadly, the tragedy of the water crisis is not simply a result of lack of water but is, essentially, one of poor water governance.' Cross-sectional and historical intra-national and international comparisons have been recognized as a valuable method of study in different sectors of human life, including technologies and governance. Environmental History of Water fills this gap, with its main focus being on water and sanitation services and their evolution. Altogether 34 authors have written 30 chapters for this multidisciplinary book which divides into four chronological parts, from ancient cultures to the challenges of the 21st century, each with its introduction and conclusions written by the editors. The authors represent such disciplines as history of technology, history of public health, public policy, development studies, sociology, engineering and management sciences. This book emphasizes that the history of water and sanitation services is strongly linked to current water management and policy issues, as well as future implications. Geographically the book consists of local cases from all inhabited continents. The key penetrating themes of the book include especially population growth, health, water consumption, technological choices and governance. There is great need for general, long-term analysis at the global level. Lessons learned from earlier societies help us to understand the present crisis and challenges. This new book, Environmental History of Water, provides this analysis by studying these lessons.
Weather in the City
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9462081980
Pages: 224
Year: 2015
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A beautifully laid-out square where you are nearly blown off your feet. A modern city apartment in which it is too hot to sleep in the summer. Everyone knows examples of urban architecture whose design fails to take the urban climate properly into account. The publication 'Weather in the City. How Design Determines the Urban Climate' explains and illustrates in a comprehensible way how smart urban design can enhance comfort in the city. The way we experience the urban climate depends on physical and psychological factors dictated by our surroundings. This book uses these factors to explain how the basic processes of the urban climate work and how they can be influenced by spatial planning and urban design. Richly illustrated with photographs, diagrams and practical examples Weather in the City is both a reference work and a source of inspiration for all those working to enhance the quality of city life: commisioners, policymakers, professionals and students in urban design, landscape architecture and planning.
Sharing Cities
Author: Shareable
Publisher:
ISBN: 0999244000
Pages: 278
Year: 2018-03-13
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"Sharing Cities: Activating the Urban Commons" showcases over a hundred sharing-related case studies and model policies from more than 80 cities in 35 countries. It both witnesses a growing global movement and serves as a practical reference guide for community-based solutions to urgent challenges faced by cities everywhere. This book is a call to action meant to inspire readers with ideas, raise awareness of the impressive range of local efforts, and strengthen the sharing movement worldwide. "Sharing Cities" shows that not only is another world possible, but that much of it is already here.
Planning Through Projects
Author: Marisa Carmona, Rod Burgess, Marthinus Samuel Badenhorst
Publisher:
ISBN: 9085940230
Pages: 560
Year: 2009
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The starting point of Planning through Projects is the diversity of historical, political, socio-economic and environmental factors that affect the urban realities of each city. The book shows how the shift from master planning to strategic planning through large urban projects is a worldwide process affecting all countries, and it highlights the impact that such large projects have on urban governance. A theoretical introduction is followed by 30 city cases, considering the socio-economic and environmental context, and the plans and strategies implemented: Beijing, Bilbao, Bogotá, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Córdoba, Daegu, Fukuoka, Glasgow, Hsinchu, La Plata, Liverpool, Lusaka, Mexico City, Montevideo, Ningbo, Panama, Paris, Pretoria, Rio de Janeiro, Rotterdam, Santiago, San Salvador, Sao Paulo, Singapore, Shanghai, Taipei, The Hague, Tokyo, and Valparaíso. The global scope, the combination of theory and practice, and the many examples, plans and illustrations make this book an excellent reference for teachers, students and professionals working in urban planning and management.