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Preventive Strikes
Author: Ilana Löwy
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801898692
Pages: 344
Year: 2010-12-08
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Preventive Strikes aims to improve our understanding of professional, social, and cultural responses to cancer in the twenty-first century and to inform our reflections about how values are incorporated into routine medical practices.Ilana Löwy
Pandora's DNA
Author:
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
ISBN: 1613748604
Pages: 336
Year: 2014-10-01
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Would you cut out your healthy breasts and ovaries if you thought it might save your life? That's not a theoretical question for journalist Lizzie Stark's relatives, who grapple with the horrific legacy of cancer built into the family DNA, a BRCA mutation that has robbed most of her female relatives of breasts, ovaries, peace of mind, or life itself. In Pandora's DNA, Stark uses her family's experience to frame a larger story about the so-called breast cancer genes, exploring the morass of legal quandaries, scientific developments, medical breakthroughs, and ethical concerns that surround the BRCA mutations, from the troubling history of prophylactic surgery and the storied origins of the boob job to the landmark lawsuit against Myriad Genetics, which held patents on the BRCA genes every human carries in their body until the Supreme Court overturned them in 2013. Although a genetic test for cancer risk may sound like the height of scientific development, the treatment remains crude and barbaric. Through her own experience, Stark shows what it's like to live in a brave new world where gazing into a crystal ball of genetics has many unintended consequences.
The Well-Woman Visit
Author: David Chelmow, Anita Blanchard, Lee Learman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316509982
Pages: 352
Year: 2017-05-31
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This accessible text expands on the recommendations of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Well Woman Task Force (WWTF) to provide a practical guide to conducting a successful Well-Woman visit. Background chapters summarize the history of the WWTF and rationale and evidence supporting periodic health visits, explain the principles of early diagnosis and prevention, and offer advice on the practical side of conducting a visit, including considerations for special populations. Chapters detail each component of the visit, first explaining the scope of a problem, the rationale for screening or prevention, and the factors that alter a screening. The WWTF recommendations are then summarized and advice is offered on how to apply them. Case studies and advice on how to identify and assess new guidelines are also provided, ensuring providers are well-equipped to offer efficient and effective care.
Bathsheba's Breast
Author: James S. Olson
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801880645
Pages: 320
Year: 2005-01-05
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Documents the celebrated 1967 article by an Italian surgeon who concluded that Rembrandt's model and mistress, Hendrickje Stoffels, died of breast cancer, and continues with a narrative history of the disease, its treatments, and several of its noteworthy patients.
Closing the Cancer Divide
Author: Felicia Marie Knaul
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0982914407
Pages: 353
Year: 2012-12-17
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Cancer is a leading cause of death and disability in low- and middle-income countries. A cancer transition is increasing preventable risk, illness, impoverishment from illness, and death in poor populations. This book presents innovative strategies for strengthening health systems in response to the challenge of cancer and other chronic illnesses.
Prescribing by Numbers
Author: Jeremy A. Greene
Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press
ISBN: 0801891000
Pages: 336
Year: 2008-10-01
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Rather, his provocative and comprehensive analysis sheds light on the increasing presence of the subjectively healthy but highly medicated individual in the American medical landscape, suggesting how historical analysis can help to address the problems inherent in the program of pharmaceutical prevention.
Counseling About Cancer
Author: Katherine A. Schneider
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118119916
Pages: 496
Year: 2011-10-26
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Important scientific discoveries and ever-changing guidelines for how to identify and manage patients with hereditary cancer syndromes are constantly evolving. This Third Edition of Counseling About Cancer is completely updated and expanded to feature five entirely new chapters on breast cancer, colon cancer, other solid tumors, clients and families, and genetic test results and follow-up. This is the only reference and clinical book on the market for cancer genetics counselors and other healthcare providers who must quickly assimilate complex and ever-changing data on the hereditary risk for cancer.
Teratologies
Author: Jackie Stacey
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113618547X
Pages: 304
Year: 2013-07-23
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Stories of cancer are full of monster and marvels; the monstrousness of the disease and the treatments, the marvels of the cures and the saved lives. Still one of the most dreaded diseases to haunt our imaginations, cancer is more than an illness - it is a cultural phenomenon. People who have cancer are bombarded with competing explanations of their conditions: it is genetically inherited; it is environmentally produced; it is the result of their personality. Teratologies - A Cultural Study of Cancer investigates how this disease is perceived, experienced and theorised in contemporary society. It explores changing beliefs about the causes of, and the cures for, cancer in both biomedicine and its increasingly popular alternative counterparts. Analysing conventional and alternative medical accounts, self-help manuals and patients' personal stories, Jackie Stacey takes a critical look at the place of heroes, metaphors, the self and the body in these competing bids to produce the authoritative definition of the meaning of cancer today. Interspersed with these detailed textual investigations are discussions of broader issues such as the feminist debates about the history of science, the place of consumer culture in health practices and the status of patients and of health professionals in postmodern society. Combining authobiographical narratives with contemporary theoretical debates, the author carves out a specifically feminist analysis of the cultural dimensions of cancer. She brings accounts of her own illness under the critical lens of academic scrutiny and situates these personal stories within a discussion of contemporary cultural change.
Progress in Colorectal Surgery
Author: John Beynon, Nicholas D. Carr
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1852338237
Pages: 299
Year: 2005-01-05
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Progress in Colorectal Surgery covers a variety of topics of current interest to the colorectal specialist. Recognizing that the surgeon does not work in isolation, the book integrates recent progress in imaging techniques for the anal canal and rectum, and will highlight medico-legal considerations. The book discusses key concepts that will assist general surgeons and colorectal consultants in their management of patients with a broad spectrum of anorectal and colonic disorders. It will be particularly useful to trainees approaching the final intercollegiate examination who have expressed a specialist interest in colorectal surgery. With a problem-oriented slant, this book is essential reading for all those with an interest in coloproctology.
Cancer Care in Countries and Societies in Transition
Author: Michael Silbermann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319229125
Pages: 505
Year: 2016-02-02
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This is a rare compilation of clinically focused chapters on the practice of oncology in more than 25 countries and areas around the world that experience ongoing or intensifying ethnic, religious, and nationalistic conflict. Each chapter is written by an internationally respected local physician or nurse. Topics include the relationship between local culture and the local practice of mainstream modern medicine, critical clinical issues faced by local physicians, and options for when and how to incorporate palliative care. The book ends with chapters on the United States’ current initiatives on promoting cancer care training in these regions, and another on clinical concepts for Western clinicians undertaking oncology practice in emerging countries. The audience includes oncologists around the world: those practicing medicine in similarly extreme circumstances; Western oncologists organizing or preparing for medical missions; and Western oncologists who wish to learn from the experiences of oncologists who practice under radically different conditions.
The 5 Minute Urology Consult
Author: Leonard G. Gomella
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1469883392
Pages: 880
Year: 2014-11-11
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This book is an easily accessible reference guide for any practitioner encountering urologic symptoms or disease. It uses the famous two-page layout and outline format of The 5-Minute Consult Series. The book provides instant access to clinically-oriented, must-have information on all urogenital problems in adults and in pediatric patients. It also includes a section of algorithms for the most common or problematic diagnoses.
Therapeutic Vaccination Strategies
Author: P. Walden, W. Sterry, H. Hennekes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662041839
Pages: 195
Year: 2013-03-14
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The induction of immune responses against tumor cells by vaccination is rapidly evolving as a therapeutic modality with new potentials for the treatment of cancer. It is based on the fact that our immune system can identify tumor cells and, once activated, is capable of developing specific immunity against the neoplastic cells. Numerous observations and intense research clearly document the major contribution of the immune system to the prevention of cancer. And there are many re ports of patients suffering from malignant melanoma or other tumors who mount a spontaneous immune response against their tumor cells that results in tumor regression. Based on the recent advances in our understanding of the compo nents of our immune system, their interactions and the regulation of immune responses, we are now able to design vaccination strategies that induce or enhance cell-mediated immunity against tumors. A ma jor advancement came with the identification and characterization of relevant tumor antigens, which are suitable target structures for anti-tu mor immune response. First clinical trials using such vaccine strategies have yielded encouraging results in patients. However, in spite of many reported cases of successful therapy of cancer by vaccination many patients still do not experience relief after such treatments. These initial clinical trials and the accompanying investigations have revealed a number of important results that indicate the direction of future re search and development in the field.
Anti-ageing Medicine
Author: Astrid Stuckelberger
Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
ISBN: 3728131954
Pages: 304
Year: 2008
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The 21st century technological development is revolutionizing medicine and health care, bringing new hopes to human suffering by offering cures and treatments which were unthinkable a few decades ago. This is where anti-ageing medicine finds its niche. Anti-ageing medicine aims at slowing, arresting, and reversing phenomena associated with ageing by merging biotechnological innovation and engineered solutions. Ideally, by means of the newest medical technology, the "body machinery" should be kept fit and at peak performance all life long. Early detection of age-related dysfunction should thus be "fixed" at any age with interventions such as metabolic fine tuning, enhancement, regeneration, restoration or replacement of "body parts" (i.e. organs, skin, bone or muscle). It covers a vast array of domains: from cell therapy to pharmaceutical interventions, from bio-surgery to aesthetic surgery, from human enhancement to fortified food, from smart housing and robots to toxic-free environments. Anti-ageing medicine holds promises but also significant risks and safety issues which are addressesd in this book. It presents the latest scientific evidence on what works or does not work. It also provides public policy recommendations to ensure the protection of consumers and their rights while encouraging research and development. This book is intended for academics, health professionals, business persons, consumers and policy-makers interested in the latest evidence and ethical issues about anti-ageing medicine.
Conceiving Risk, Bearing Responsibility
Author: Elizabeth M. Armstrong
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801873452
Pages: 277
Year: 2003
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In American society, the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy is considered dangerous, irresponsible, and in some cases illegal. Pregnant women who have even a single drink routinely face openly voiced reproach. Yet fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in infants and children is notoriously difficult to diagnose, and the relationship between alcohol and adverse birth outcomes is riddled with puzzles and paradoxes. Sociologist Elizabeth M. Armstrong uses fetal alcohol syndrome and the problem of drinking during pregnancy to examine the assumed relationship between somatic and social disorder, the ways in which social problems are individualized, and the intertwining of health and morality that characterizes American society. She traces the evolution of medical knowledge about the effects of alcohol on fetal development, from nineteenth-century debates about drinking and heredity to the modern diagnosis of FAS and its kindred syndromes. She argues that issues of race, class, and gender have influenced medical findings about alcohol and reproduction and that these findings have always reflected broader social and moral preoccupations and, in particular, concerns about women's roles and place in society, as well as the fitness of future generations. Medical beliefs about drinking during pregnancy have often ignored the poverty, chaos, and insufficiency of some women's lives -- factors that may be more responsible than alcohol for adverse outcomes in babies and children. Using primary sources and interviews to explore relationships between doctors and patients and women and their unborn children, Armstrong offers a provocative and detailed analysis of how drinking during pregnancy came to be considered a pervasive social problem, despite the uncertainties surrounding the epidemiology and etiology of fetal alcohol syndrome.
Essential ENT Second Edition
Author: Rogan J. Corbridge
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1444149954
Pages: 208
Year: 2011-09-30
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This innovative and accessible guide to ear, nose and throat medicine delivers everything you need to know to develop a thorough grounding in the subject, acting as an essential course companion and an ideal revision aid. Written in a lively and accessible manner reflecting the author's popular lecturing style, the content has been carefully matched to meet the demands of both the undergraduate curriculum and the core competencies for foundation study. Topics are approached in a problem-oriented manner, with basic science and clinical information integrated throughout in line with current teaching practice. Essential ENT, praised in the first edition for its brevity, style and illustrations, remains an essential text for undergraduate medical students and foundation doctors, an excellent aide memoire for those embarking upon a career in ENT and studying for the Diploma in Laryngology and Otology, and a reliable companion in clinical practice for general practitioners and staff in the emergency department.