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Soft Computing in Electromagnetics
Author: Balamati Choudhury, Rakesh Mohan Jha
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107122481
Pages: 215
Year: 2016-01-14
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Soft computing techniques are emerging as an important tool in solving design, performance and optimisation problems in electromagnetics. Soft Computing in Electromagnetics offers detailed discussion on the application of soft computing concepts in the field of metamaterial antennas, radar absorbers, transmission line characterisation and optimised radar absorbing material (RAM) and introduces implementation of soft computing tools in a relatively new area of metamaterials. The soft computing methods are used to optimise fault detection, electromagnetic propagation and path loss detection. The development of two CAD packages for design of metamaterial split ring resonators (SRR) and path-loss prediction is discussed. The concepts are explained with the help of algorithms and the corresponding software codes. Numerical examples and MATLAB codes are provided throughout the text to facilitate understanding.
Applications of Neural Networks in Electromagnetics
Author: Christos Christodoulou, Michael Georgiopoulos
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
ISBN: 0890068801
Pages: 512
Year: 2001-01-01
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The high-speed capabilities and learning abilities of neural networks can be applied to quickly solving numerous complex optimization problems in electromagnetics, and this book shows you how. Even if you have no background in neural networks, this book helps you understand the basics of each main network architecture in use today, including its strengths and limitations. Moreover, it gives you the knowledge you need to identify situations when the use of neural networks is the best problem-solving option.
Soft Computing
Author: Devendra K. Chaturvedi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540774807
Pages: 612
Year: 2008-08-20
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This book is an introduction to some new fields in soft computing with its principal components of fuzzy logic, ANN and EA. The approach in this book is to provide an understanding of the soft computing field and to work through soft computing using examples. It also aims to integrate pseudo-code operational summaries and Matlab codes, to present computer simulation, to include real world applications and to highlight the distinctive work of human consciousness in machine.
Soft Computing and its Applications in Business and Economics
Author: Rafik Aziz Aliev, Bijan Fazlollahi, Rashad Rafik Aliev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540221387
Pages: 446
Year: 2004-07-07
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"Soft Computing and its Applications in Business and Economics," or SC-BE for short, is a work whose importance is hard to exaggerate. Authored by leading contributors to soft computing and its applications, SC-BE is a sequel to an earlier book by Professors R. A. Aliev and R. R. Aliev, "Soft Computing and Its Applications," World Scientific, 200l. SC-BE is a self-contained exposition of the foundations of soft computing, and presents a vast compendium of its applications to business, finance, decision analysis and economics. One cannot but be greatly impressed by the wide variety of applications - applications ranging from use of fuzzy logic in transportation and health case systems, to use of a neuro-fuzzy approach to modeling of credit risk in trading, and application of soft computing to e-commerce. To view the contents of SC-BE in a clearer perspective, a bit of history is in order. In science, as in other realms of human activity, there is a tendency to be nationalistic - to commit oneself to a particular methodology and relegate to a position of inferiority or irrelevance all alternative methodologies. As we move further into the age of machine intelligence and automated reasoning, we run into more and more problems which do not lend themselves to solution through the use of our favorite methodology.
Soft Computing Applications
Author: Valentina Emilia Balas, Lakhmi C. Jain, Marius Mircea Balas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319625217
Pages: 559
Year: 2017-08-31
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These two volumes constitute the Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Soft Computing Applications (SOFA 2016), held on 24–26 August 2016 in Arad, Romania. This edition was organized by Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad, Romania, University of Belgrade, Serbia, in conjunction with the Institute of Computer Science, Iasi Branch of the Romanian Academy, IEEE Romanian Section, Romanian Society of Control Engineering and Technical Informatics (SRAIT) - Arad Section, General Association of Engineers in Romania - Arad Section, and BTM Resources Arad. The soft computing concept was introduced by Lotfi Zadeh in 1991 and serves to highli ght the emergence of computing methodologies in which the accent is on exploiting the tolerance for imprecision and uncertainty to achieve tractability, robustness and lower costs. Soft computing facilitates the combined use of fuzzy logic, neurocomputing, evolutionary computing and probabilistic computing, leading to the concept of hybrid intelligent systems. The rapid emergence of new tools and applications calls for a synergy of scientific and technological disciplines in order to reveal the great potential of soft computing in all domains. The conference papers included in these proceedings, published post-conference, were grouped into the following areas of research: • Methods and Applications in Electrical Engineering • Knowledge-Based Technologies for Web Applications, Cloud Computing, Security Algorithms and Computer Networks • Biomedical Applications • Image, Text and Signal Processing • Machine Learning and Applications • &nb sp; Business Process Management • Fuzzy Applications, Theory and Fuzzy Control • Computational Intelligence in Education • Soft Computing & Fuzzy Logic i n Biometrics (SCFLB) • Soft Computing Algorithms Applied in Economy, Industry and Communication Technology • Modelling and Applications in Textiles The book helps to disseminate advances in selected active research directions in the field of soft computing, along with current issues and applications of related topics. As such, it provides valuable information for professors, researchers and graduate students in the area of soft computing techniques and applications.
Fundamentals of Natural Computing
Author: Leandro Nunes de Castro
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420011448
Pages: 696
Year: 2006-06-02
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Natural computing brings together nature and computing to develop new computational tools for problem solving; to synthesize natural patterns and behaviors in computers; and to potentially design novel types of computers. Fundamentals of Natural Computing: Basic Concepts, Algorithms, and Applications presents a wide-ranging survey of novel techniques and important applications of nature-based computing. This book presents theoretical and philosophical discussions, pseudocodes for algorithms, and computing paradigms that illustrate how computational techniques can be used to solve complex problems, simulate nature, explain natural phenomena, and possibly allow the development of new computing technologies. The author features a consistent and approachable, textbook-style format that includes lucid figures, tables, real-world examples, and different types of exercises that complement the concepts while encouraging readers to apply the computational tools in each chapter. Building progressively upon core concepts of nature-inspired techniques, the topics include evolutionary computing, neurocomputing, swarm intelligence, immunocomputing, fractal geometry, artificial life, quantum computing, and DNA computing. Fundamentals of Natural Computing is a self-contained introduction and a practical guide to nature-based computational approaches that will find numerous applications in a variety of growing fields including engineering, computer science, biological modeling, and bioinformatics.
Wicking in Porous Materials
Author: Reza Masoodi, Krishna M. Pillai
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439874328
Pages: 380
Year: 2012-10-26
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A comprehensive presentation of wicking models developed in academia and industry, Wicking in Porous Materials: Traditional and Modern Modeling Approaches contains some of the most important approaches and methods available, from the traditional Washburn-type models to the latest Lattice-Boltzmann approaches developed during the last few years. It provides a sound conceptual framework for learning the science behind different mathematical models while at the same time being aware of the practical issues of model validation as well as measurement of important properties and parameters associated with various models. Top experts in the field reveal the secrets of their wicking models. The chapters cover the following topics: Wetting and wettability Darcy’s law for single- and multi-phase flows Traditional capillary models, such as the Washburn-equation based approaches Unsaturated-flow based methodologies (Richard’s Equation) Sharp-front (plug-flow) type approaches using Darcy’s law Pore network models for wicking after including various micro-scale fluid-flow phenomena Studying the effect of evaporation on wicking using pore network models Fractal-based methods Modeling methods based on mixture theory Lattice-Boltzmann method for modeling wicking in small scales Modeling wicking in swelling and non-rigid porous media This extensive look at the modeling of porous media compares various methods and treats traditional topics as well as modern technologies. It emphasizes experimental validation of modeling approaches as well as experimental determination of model parameters. Matching models to particular media, the book provides guidance on what models to use and how to use them.
Soft Computing Techniques in Engineering Applications
Author: Srikanta Patnaik, Baojiang Zhong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319046934
Pages: 206
Year: 2014-02-22
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The Soft Computing techniques, which are based on the information processing of biological systems are now massively used in the area of pattern recognition, making prediction & planning, as well as acting on the environment. Ideally speaking, soft computing is not a subject of homogeneous concepts and techniques; rather, it is an amalgamation of distinct methods that confirms to its guiding principle. At present, the main aim of soft computing is to exploit the tolerance for imprecision and uncertainty to achieve tractability, robustness and low solutions cost. The principal constituents of soft computing techniques are probabilistic reasoning, fuzzy logic, neuro-computing, genetic algorithms, belief networks, chaotic systems, as well as learning theory. This book covers contributions from various authors to demonstrate the use of soft computing techniques in various applications of engineering.
Fluids in Porous Media
Author: Henk Huinink
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1681742985
Pages: 115
Year: 2016-09-06
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This book introduces the reader into the field of the physics of processes occurring in porous media. It targets Master and PhD students who need to gain fundamental understanding the impact of confinement on transport and phase change processes. The book gives brief overviews of topics like thermodynamics, capillarity and fluid mechanics in order to launch the reader smoothly into the realm of porous media. In-depth discussions are given of phase change phenomena in porous media, single phase flow, unsaturated flow and multiphase flow. In order to make the topics concrete the book contains numerous example calculations. Further, as much experimental data as possible is plugged in to give the reader the ability to quantify phenomena.
Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers
Author: Fred Aminzadeh, Shivaji N. Dasgupta
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080929613
Pages: 344
Year: 2013-12-09
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Geophysics for Petroleum Engineers focuses on the applications of geophysics in addressing petroleum engineering problems. It explores the complementary features of geophysical techniques in better understanding, characterizing, producing and monitoring reservoirs. This book introduces engineers to geophysical methods so that they can communicate with geophysicist colleagues and appreciate the benefits of their work. These chapters describe fundamentals of geophysical techniques, their physical bases, their applications and limitations, as well as possible pitfalls in their misuse. Case study examples illustrate the integration of geophysical data with various other data types for predicting and describing reservoir rocks and fluid properties. The examples come from all over the world, with several case histories from the fields in the Middle East. Introduces geophysical methods to engineers Helps understanding, characterizing, producing and monitoring of geophysical techniques Updates the changing needs of reservoir engineering
Mathematical Models, Methods and Applications
Author: Abul Hasan Siddiqi, Pammy Manchanda, Rashmi Bhardwaj
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812879730
Pages: 298
Year: 2015-12-14
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The present volume contains invited talks of 11th biennial conference on “Emerging Mathematical Methods, Models and Algorithms for Science and Technology”. The main message of the book is that mathematics has a great potential to analyse and understand the challenging problems of nanotechnology, biotechnology, medical science, oil industry and financial technology. The book highlights all the features and main theme discussed in the conference. All contributing authors are eminent academicians, scientists, researchers and scholars in their respective fields, hailing from around the world.
Mass Spectrometry
Author: Edmond de Hoffmann, Vincent Stroobant
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118681940
Pages: 504
Year: 2013-04-03
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The latest edition of a highly successful textbook, Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition provides students with a complete overview of the principles, theories and key applications of modern mass spectrometry. All instrumental aspects of mass spectrometry are clearly and concisely described: sources, analysers and detectors. Tandem mass spectrometry is introduced early on and then developed in more detail in a later chapter. Emphasis is placed throughout the text on optimal utilisation conditions. Various fragmentation patterns are described together with analytical information that derives from the mass spectra. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and has been redesigned to give the book a more contemporary look. As with previous editions it contains numerous examples, references and a series of exercises of increasing difficulty to encourage student understanding. Updates include: Increased coverage of MALDI and ESI, more detailed description of time of flight spectrometers, new material on isotope ratio mass spectrometry, and an expanded range of applications. Mass Spectrometry, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for all undergraduate and postgraduate students using this technique in departments of chemistry, biochemistry, medicine, pharmacology, agriculture, material science and food science. It is also of interest for researchers looking for an overview of the latest techniques and developments.
Electromagnetic Fields and Life
Author: A. Presman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475706359
Pages: 336
Year: 2013-06-29
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A broad region of the electromagnetic spectrum long assumed to have no influence on living systems under natural conditions has been critically re-examinjld over the past decade. This spectral region extends from the superhigh radio frequencies, through de creasing frequencies, to and including essentially static electric and magnetic fields. The author of this monograph, A. S. Presman, has reviewed not only the extensive Russian literatur!;"l, but also al most equally comprehensively the non-Russian literature, dealing with biological influences of these fields. Treated also is literature shedding some light on possible theoretical foundations for these phenomena. A substantial, rapidly increaSing number of studies in many laboratories and countries has now clearly established bio logical influences which are independent of the theoretically pre dictable, simple thermal effects. Indeed many of the effects are produced by field strengths very close to those within the natural environment. The author has, even more importantly, set forth a novel, imaginative general hypothesis in which it is postulated that such electromagnetic fields normally serve as conveyors of information from the environment to the organism, within the organism, and among organisms. He postulates that in the course of evolution or ganisms have come to employ these fields in conjunction with the well-known sensory, nervous, and endocrine systems in effecting coordination and integration.
Genetic and Evolutionary Computation for Image Processing and Analysis
Author: Stefano Cagnoni, Evelyne Lutton, Gustavo Olague
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
ISBN: 9774540018
Pages: 466
Year: 2008
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Nostradamus 2014: Prediction, Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems
Author: Ivan Zelinka, Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan, Guanrong Chen, Václav Snášel, Ajith Abraham, Otto Rössler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319074016
Pages: 462
Year: 2014-06-09
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The prediction of behavior of complex systems, analysis and modeling of its structure is a vitally important problem in engineering, economy and generally in science today. Examples of such systems can be seen in the world around us (including our bodies) and of course in almost every scientific discipline including such “exotic” domains as the earth’s atmosphere, turbulent fluids, economics (exchange rate and stock markets), population growth, physics (control of plasma), information flow in social networks and its dynamics, chemistry and complex networks. To understand such complex dynamics, which often exhibit strange behavior, and to use it in research or industrial applications, it is paramount to create its models. For this purpose there exists a rich spectrum of methods, from classical such as ARMA models or Box Jenkins method to modern ones like evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy logic, geometry, deterministic chaos amongst others. This proceedings book is a collection of accepted papers of the Nostradamus conference that has been held in Ostrava, Czech Republic in June 2014. This book also includes outstanding keynote lectures by distinguished guest speakers: René Lozi (France), Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan (Singapore) and Lars Nolle (Germany). The main aim of the conference was to create a periodical possibility for students, academics and researchers to exchange their ideas and novel research methods. This conference establishes a forum for presentation and discussion of recent research trends in the area of applications of various predictive methods.