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Sulfuric Acid Manufacture
Author: Matt King, Michael Moats, William G. Davenport
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0080982263
Pages: 608
Year: 2013-05-11
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By some measure the most widely produced chemical in the world today, sulfuric acid has an extraordinary range of modern uses, including phosphate fertilizer production, explosives, glue, wood preservative and lead-acid batteries. An exceptionally corrosive and dangerous acid, production of sulfuric acid requires stringent adherence to environmental regulatory guidance within cost-efficient standards of production. This work provides an experience-based review of how sulfuric acid plants work, how they should be designed and how they should be operated for maximum sulfur capture and minimum environmental impact. Using a combination of practical experience and deep physical analysis, Davenport and King review sulfur manufacturing in the contemporary world where regulatory guidance is becoming ever tighter (and where new processes are being required to meet them), and where water consumption and energy considerations are being brought to bear on sulfuric acid plant operations. This 2e will examine in particular newly developed acid-making processes and new methods of minimizing unwanted sulfur emissions. The target readers are recently graduated science and engineering students who are entering the chemical industry and experienced professionals within chemical plant design companies, chemical plant production companies, sulfuric acid recycling companies and sulfuric acid users. They will use the book to design, control, optimize and operate sulfuric acid plants around the world. Unique mathematical analysis of sulfuric acid manufacturing processes, providing a sound basis for optimizing sulfuric acid manufacturing processes Analysis of recently developed sulfuric acid manufacturing techniques suggests advantages and disadvantages of the new processes from the energy and environmental points of view Analysis of tail gas sulfur capture processes indicates the best way to combine sulfuric acid making and tailgas sulfur-capture processes from the energy and environmental points of view Draws on industrial connections of the authors through years of hands-on experience in sulfuric acid manufacture
Handbook of Adhesives and Surface Preparation
Author: Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437744621
Pages: 450
Year: 2010-12-15
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Handbook of Adhesives and Surface Preparation provides a thoroughly practical survey of all aspects of adhesives technology from selection and surface preparation to industrial applications and health and environmental factors. The resulting handbook is a hard‐working reference for a wide range of engineers and technicians working in the adhesives industry and a variety of industry sectors that make considerable use of adhesives. Particular attention is given to adhesives applications in the automotive, aerospace, medical, dental and electronics sectors. A handbook that truly focuses on the applied aspects of adhesives selection and applications: this is a book that won't gather dust on the shelf Provides practical techniques for rendering materials surfaces adherable Sector‐based studies explore the specific issues for automotive and aerospace, medical, dental and electronics
Laboratory Safety for Chemistry Students
Author: Prof. Robert H. Hill, Jr., David C. Finster
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119243378
Pages: 576
Year: 2016-03-28
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Provides knowledge and models of good practice needed by students to work safely in the laboratory as they progress through four years of undergraduate laboratory work Aligns with the revised safety instruction requirements from the ACS Committee on Professional Training 2015 “Guidelines and Evaluation Procedures for Bachelor’s Degree Programs” Provides a systematic approach to incorporating safety and health into the chemistry curriculum Topics are divided into layers of progressively more advanced and appropriate safety issues so that some topics are covered 2-3 times, at increasing levels of depth Develops a strong safety ethic by continuous reinforcement of safety; to recognize, assess, and manage laboratory hazards; and to plan for response to laboratory emergencies Covers a thorough exposure to chemical health and safety so that students will have the proper education and training when they enter the workforce or graduate school
Air Quality Management in the United States
Author: Committee on Air Quality Management in the United States, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309089328
Pages: 426
Year: 2004-08-30
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The implementation of air quality regulations should be less bureaucratic -- with more emphasis on results than process -- and should be designed to protect ecosystems as well as people. The report recommends that The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) use an approach to target groups of pollutants instead of individual ones and that revised or new regulations also should consider how air pollution travels from state to state and across international borders. In addition, improved tracking of emissions is needed to accurately assess what populations are at the highest risk of health problems from pollution and to better measure the progress of pollution-control strategies.
The SGTE Casebook
Author: K Hack
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693957
Pages: 488
Year: 2008-01-25
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The Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE) is a consortium of European and North American research groups developing thermodynamic databases and software to model the thermodynamic properties of metals and other materials. Understanding these properties is critical to improving the processing of metals and their performance in such areas as resistance to high-temperature corrosion. This substantially revised new edition explores both the theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling and its wide range of practical applications. These applications include the analysis of hot salt and other types of high-temperature corrosion, understanding the loss of corrosion resistance in stainless and other types of steel, the processing of steels, as well as the use of thermodynamics to improve the functionality of materials for microelectronics and lighting applications, and in the analysis of nuclear safety issues. New case studies also illustrate applications to kinetically-controlled processes such as the solidification and heat treatment of alloys as well as the production of silicon and titanium oxide pigment. The SGTE casebook is a valuable reference for those manufacturing steels and other materials, those using materials in high-temperature applications such as the power industry and in other areas such as microelectronics and lighting. This updated and revised edition explores theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling Practical applications are provided, including types of high-temperature corrosion Valuable reference for the power and microelectronics industry
Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals
Author: Frank Crundwell, Michael Moats, Venkoba Ramachandran, Timothy Robinson, W. G. Davenport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080968104
Pages: 622
Year: 2011-07-18
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This book describes and explains the methods by which three related ores and recyclables are made into high purity metals and chemicals, for materials processing. It focuses on present day processes and future developments rather than historical processes. Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage. The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science. Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plants Discusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one book Reviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic ore Industrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources
Rare Earths
Author: Jacques Lucas, Pierre Lucas, Thierry Le Mercier, Alain Rollat, William G. Davenport
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444627448
Pages: 410
Year: 2014-09-09
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High-technology and environmental applications of the rare-earth elements (REE) have grown dramatically in diversity and importance over the past four decades. This book provides a scientific understanding of rare earth properties and uses, present and future. It also points the way to efficient recycle of the rare earths in end-of-use products and efficient use of rare earths in new products. Scientists and students will appreciate the book's approach to the availability, structure and properties of rare earths and how they have led to myriad critical uses, present and future. Experts should buy this book to get an integrated picture of production and use (present and future) of rare earths and the science behind this picture. This book will prove valuable to.non-scientists as well in order to get an integrated picture of production and use of rare earths in the 21st Century, and the science behind this picture. Defines the chemical, physical and structural properties of rare earths. Gives the reader a basic understanding of what rare earths can do for us. Describes uses of each rare earth with chemical, physics, and structural explanations for the properties that underlie those uses. Allows the reader to understand how rare earths behave and why they are used in present applications and will be used in future applications. Explains to the reader where and how rare earths are found and produced and how they are best recycled to minimize environmental impact and energy and water consumption.
Handbook of Pharmaceutical Excipients
Author: Raymond C. Rowe, Paul J. Sheskey, Marian E. Quinn
Publisher: Amer Pharmacists Assn
ISBN: 1582121354
Pages: 888
Year: 2009-01-01
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An internationally acclaimed reference work recognized as one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources of information on excipients used in pharmaceutical formulation with this new edition providing 340 excipient monographs. Incorporates information on the uses, and chemical and physical properties of excipients systematically collated from a variety of international sources including: pharmacopeias, patents, primary and secondary literature, websites, and manufacturers' data; extensive data provided on the applications, licensing, and safety of excipients; comprehensively cross-referenced and indexed, with many additional excipients described as related substances and an international supplier's directory and detailed information on trade names and specific grades or types of excipients commercially available.
Waste Incineration and Public Health
Author: Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee on Health Effects of Waste Incineration, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030906371X
Pages: 364
Year: 2000-09-21
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Incineration has been used widely for waste disposal, including household, hazardous, and medical waste--but there is increasing public concern over the benefits of combusting the waste versus the health risk from pollutants emitted during combustion. Waste Incineration and Public Health informs the emerging debate with the most up-to-date information available on incineration, pollution, and human health--along with expert conclusions and recommendations for further research and improvement of such areas as risk communication. The committee provides details on: Processes involved in incineration and how contaminants are released. Environmental dynamics of contaminants and routes of human exposure. Tools and approaches for assessing possible human health effects. Scientific concerns pertinent to future regulatory actions. The book also examines some of the social, psychological, and economic factors that affect the communities where incineration takes place and addresses the problem of uncertainty and variation in predicting the health effects of incineration processes.
The technology of anodizing aluminium
Author: Arthur W. Brace
Publisher:
ISBN: 8887971005
Pages: 348
Year: 2000
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Lactic Acid Bacteria
Author: Atte von Wright
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 082470133X
Pages: 640
Year: 1998-02-13
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"Second Edition features expanded coverage on the taxonomy, physiology, and genetic modification of lactic acid bacteria- emphasizing their practical roles as therapeutic agents, animal probiotics, and biotechnological tools. Introduces-for the first time-early and new findings in the field by Russian and Estonian researchers. "
Shigley's Mechanical Engineering Design
Author: Richard G. Budynas, Richard Gordon Budynas, J. Keith Nisbett
Publisher: Asia Higher Education Engineering/Computer Science Mechanical Engineering
ISBN: 9814595284
Pages: 1082
Year: 2014-08-26
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Intended for students beginning the study of mechanical engineering design, this book helps students find that the text inherently directs them into familiarity with both the basics of design decisions and the standards of industrial components.
Hydrogen Production Technologies
Author: Mehmet Sankir, Nurdan Demirci Sankir
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119283655
Pages: 656
Year: 2017-03-20
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The book is organized in three parts. Part I shows how the catalytic and electrochemical principles involve hydrogen production technologies. Part II is devoted to biohydrogen production and introduces gasification and fast pyrolysis biomass, dark fermentation, microbial electrolysis and power production from algae. The last part of the book is concerned with the photo hydrogen generation technologies. Recent developments in the area of semiconductor-based nanomaterials, specifically semiconductor oxides, nitrides and metal-free semiconductors based nanomaterials for photocatalytic hydrogen production are extensively discussed in this part.
The World's Healthiest Foods
Author: George Mateljan
Publisher: Gmf Pub
ISBN: 0976918544
Pages: 880
Year: 2007
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Presents nutritional analysis, selection, storage, and cooking advice, and recipes for vegetables, fruits, fish, shellfish, nuts, legumes, dairy foods, and grains, along with information on how to incorporate these foods into a healthy eating plan.
Sulphonation Technology in the Detergent Industry
Author: W. Herman de Groot
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401579180
Pages: 283
Year: 2013-03-14
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This book is about Sulph(on)ation Technology in its technical entirety, aiming at superiority in final product quality, raw material utilisation, sustained plant reliability and safety, minimisation of liquid effluent and gaseous emissions; it is about the total quality of the operation. It will be of value to engineers and chemists who are, or will be, involved in the practical daily operation of sulphonation plants or R&D activities. The book can also be used as a tool for the teacher in preparing fmal year projects in a chemical engineering curriculum. The book covers sulphonation of alkylbenzenes, primary alcohols, alcohol ethers, alpha-olefIns and fatty acid methyl esters, with a strong emphasis on the sulphur-based S~/air sulphonation technology. The first part deals with raw material specifications, hazards, storage, handling and physical properties. In the following section the process chemistry is discussed, indicating main chemical reactions, undesired parallel and consecutive reactions, exothermal heat effects and all other process chemistry data that are relevant for process selection and equipment design. The section about the actual process equipment from the various plant equipment suppliers (Ballestra, Chemithon, Mazzoni, Meccaniche Modeme and Lion Corp.) takes into account the chemical reaction engineering aspects derived from the sulphonation technology processing chemistry. Product quality, product storage and handling, product safety and physical properties are the contents of the next section. The effluent handling and exhaust gas treatment of the SOiair sulphonation technology are further discussed in detail.