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A Source Book in Chemistry, 1900-1950
Author: Henry M. Leicester
ISBN: 0674366697
Pages: 430
Year: 2013-10-01
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The growing interdependence of the sciences was one of the outstanding characteristics of the first half of the twentieth century. "Inevitably," Dr. Leicester points out, "this expanded vision led to closer contacts among chemists of every speciality, and also with scientists in other fields. Physics and physical chemistry were applied to organic compounds, and new substances that could not have been foreseen by the older theories were prepared. Reaction mechanisms were generalized. New borderline sciences sprang up. Chemical physics and biochemistry became sciences in their own right. Chemistry thus became a link between physics and biology." A continuation of A Source Book in Chemistry, 1400-1900 (HUP, 1952), this volume contains selections from ninety classic papers in all branches of chemistry -- papers upon which contemporary research and practices are based. The topics include such chemical techniques as microanalysis, polarography, hydrogen ion concentration, chromatography, electrophoresis, and the use of the ultramicroscope, the ultracentrifuge, and radioactive tracers; modern structural theories, with emphasis on crystal structure, radioactive decay, isotopes, molecular structure, the applications of quantum mechanics to chemistry, thermodynamics, electrolytes, and kinetics; the more recent studies on artificial radioactivity and the transuranium elements; organic chemistry, with reference to general synthetic methods, polymers, the structure of proteins, nucleic acids, alkaloids, steroids, and carotenoids; and biochemistry, including the concept of hormones and vitamins, separation of enzymes and viruses, metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, and energy production. The Source Book serves as an introduction to present-day chemistry and can also be used as supplementary reading in general chemistry courses, since, in many instances, the papers explain the circumstances under which a particular discovery was made--information that is customarily lacking in textbooks. Although the selections are classified into the usual branches of the science, it will be apparent to the reader how the discoveries in any one branch were taken up and incorporated into others.
Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Author: Donald Cairns
Publisher: Pharmaceutical Press
ISBN: 0853699798
Pages: 308
Year: 2012-01-01
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An introduction to pharmaceutical chemistry for undergraduate pharmacy, chemistry and medicinal chemistry students. Essentials of Pharmaceutical Chemistry is a chemistry introduction that covers all of the core material necessary to provide an understanding of the basic chemistry of drug molecules. Now a core text on many university courses, it contains numerous worked examples and problems. The 4th edition includes new chapters on Chromatographic Methods of Analysis, and Medicinal Chemistry - The Science of Drug Design.
The Sceptical Chymist
Author: Robert Boyle
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486166570
Pages: 254
Year: 2013-04-16
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This 1661 classic defines the term "element" and asserts that all natural phenomena can be explained by the motion and organization of primary particles. 1911 edition.
Industrial Chemistry
Author: Mark Anthony Benvenuto
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311038339X
Pages: 164
Year: 2015-02-24
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Along with the first volume on "Industrial Chemistry" this book discusses, illustrates and explains many of the major chemical processes performed by industry, looks at how transformations affect the quality of our lives, examines the various types of waste produced as necessary products are developed and marketed, and shows techniques and practices in which many industries have made strides to improve or "green" specific chemical processes.
Chemical Product Design
Author: E. L. Cussler, G. D. Moggridge
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113949791X
Year: 2011-05-12
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The chemical industry is changing, going beyond commodity chemicals to a palette of higher value added products. This groundbreaking book, now revised and expanded, documents this change and shows how to meet the challenges implied. Presenting a four-step design process - needs, ideas, selection, manufacture - the authors supply readers with a simple design template that can be applied to a wide variety of products. Four new chapters on commodities, devices, molecules/drugs and microstructures show how this template can be applied to products including oxygen for emphysema patients, pharmaceuticals like taxol, dietary supplements like lutein, and beverages which are more satisfying. For different groups of products the authors supply both strategies for design and summaries of relevant science. Economic analysis is expanded, emphasizing the importance of speed-to-market, selling ideas to investors and an expectation of limited time in the market. Extra examples, homework problems and a solutions manual are available.
A Source Book in Chemistry, 1400-1900
Author: Henry Marshall Leicester, Herbert S. Klickstein
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674822307
Pages: 554
Year: 1952-01
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Green Chemistry for Environmental Remediation
Author: Rashmi Sanghi, Vandana Singh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111828772X
Pages: 800
Year: 2012-01-20
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The book presents an in depth review from eminent industry practitioners and researchers of the emerging green face of multidimensional environmental chemistry. Topics such as green chemistry in industry, green energy: solar photons to fuels, green nanotechnology and sustainability, and green chemistry modeling address a wide array of iusses encouraging the use of economical ecofriendly benign technologies, which not only improve the yield, but also illustrates the concept of zero waste, a subject of interest to both chemists and environmentalists alike.
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 94th Edition
Author: William M. Haynes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466571152
Pages: 2668
Year: 2016-04-19
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Celebrating the 100th anniversary of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, this 94th edition is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science for a century. The Handbook continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the science, technical, and medical communities. An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data, its usefulness spans every discipline. Originally a 116-page pocket-sized book, known as the Rubber Handbook, the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics comprises 2,600 pages of critically evaluated data. An essential resource for scientists around the world, the Handbook is now available in print, eBook, and online formats. New tables: Section 7: Biochemistry Properties of Fatty Acid Methyl and Ethyl Esters Related to Biofuels Section 8: Analytical Chemistry Gas Chromatographic Retention Indices Detectors for Liquid Chromatography Organic Analytical Reagents for the Determination of Inorganic Ions Section 12: Properties of Solids Properties of Selected Materials at Cryogenic Temperatures Significantly updated and expanded tables: Section 3: Physical Constants of Organic Compounds Expansion of Diamagnetic Susceptibility of Selected Organic Compounds Section 5: Thermochemistry, Electrochemistry, and Solution Chemistry Update of Electrochemical Series Section 6: Fluid Properties Expansion of Thermophysical Properties of Selected Fluids at Saturation Major expansion and update of Viscosity of Liquid Metals Section 7: Biochemistry Update of Properties of Fatty Acids and Their Methyl Esters Section 8: Analytical Chemistry Major expansion of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Analytical Chemistry Section 9: Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy Update of Bond Dissociation Energies Section 11: Nuclear and Particle Physics Update of Summary Tables of Particle Properties Section 14: Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics Update of Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, 1958-2012 Update of Global Temperature Trend, 1880-2012 Major update of Speed of Sound in Various Media Section 15: Practical Laboratory Data Update of Laboratory Solvents and Other Liquid Reagents Major update of Density of Solvents as a Function of Temperature Major update of Dependence of Boiling Point on Pressure Section 16: Health and Safety Information Major update of Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants Appendix A: Major update of Mathematical Tables Appendix B: Update of Sources of Physical and Chemical Data
Soil and Water Chemistry
Author: Michael E. Essington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466573236
Pages: 656
Year: 2015-04-24
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The second edition of a bestseller, Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach maintains the balanced perspective that made the first edition a hugely popular textbook. The second edition includes new figures and tables, new chapters, and expanded exercises in each chapter. It covers topics including soil chemical environment, soil minerals, soil organic matter, cation exchange, oxidation-reduction, mineral weathering and solubility, surface chemistry and adsorption reactions, acidity and salinity in soil materials, and chemical thermodynamics applied to soil systems. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Extensive section that details the sources, speciation, and the general behavior of elements in soils Expanded section on crystal structure, updated phyllosillcates classifications scheme, inclusion of sepiolite-palygorskite group, and expanded x-ray diffraction section Discussion of surface runoff losses of phosphorus from soil and description of the inductivity coupled argon plasma-mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS) analytical technique for determining elemental concentrations in soil solution Coverage of the influence of redox processes on the soil chemistry of nonelectroactive elements Description of the electrokinetic phenomenon and investigation of the influence of temperature on adsorption Expanded discussion on the application of chemical thermodynamics to soil systems A solutions manual is available upon qualifying course adoption. Still one of the only texts on this subject, this book provides a comprehensive, modern, and balanced coverage of the chemical and mineralogical characteristics of soils and their chemical processes. It contains more information and topic coverage than required for an average, single-semester course. This extensive coverage is by design, giving you the latitude to pick your own essential topics while providing additional information or a more advanced treatment when needed. Figures and tables make the information accessible and each problem has been tested and is relevant and doable, but asks more of students than to simply generate a number. This format allows students to understand the concepts and recognize that their computations have physical meaning.
Scorched Earth
Author: Fred A. Wilcox
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
ISBN: 160980340X
Pages: 132
Year: 2011-09-13
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Scorched Earth is the first book to chronicle the effects of chemical warfare on the Vietnamese people and their environment, where, even today, more than 3 million people—including 500,000 children—are sick and dying from birth defects, cancer, and other illnesses that can be directly traced to Agent Orange/dioxin exposure. Weaving first-person accounts with original research, Vietnam War scholar Fred A. Wilcox examines long-term consequences for future generations, laying bare the ongoing monumental tragedy in Vietnam, and calls for the United States government to finally admit its role in chemical warfare in Vietnam. Wilcox also warns readers that unless we stop poisoning our air, food, and water supplies, the cancer epidemic in the United States and other countries will only worsen, and he urgently demands the chemical manufacturers of Agent Orange to compensate the victims of their greed and to stop using the Earth’s rivers, lakes, and oceans as toxic waste dumps. Vietnam has chosen August 10—the day that the US began spraying Agent Orange on Vietnam—as Agent Orange Day, to commemorate all its citizens who were affected by the deadly chemical. Scorched Earth will be released upon the third anniversary of this day, in honor of all those whose families have suffered, and continue to suffer, from this tragedy.
The Poisoner's Handbook
Author: Deborah Blum
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101524898
Pages: 336
Year: 2011-01-25
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Equal parts true crime, twentieth-century history, and science thriller, The Poisoner's Handbook is "a vicious, page-turning story that reads more like Raymond Chandler than Madame Curie" (The New York Observer) A fascinating Jazz Age tale of chemistry and detection, poison and murder, The Poisoner's Handbook is a page-turning account of a forgotten era. In early twentieth-century New York, poisons offered an easy path to the perfect crime. Science had no place in the Tammany Hall-controlled coroner's office, and corruption ran rampant. However, with the appointment of chief medical examiner Charles Norris in 1918, the poison game changed forever. Together with toxicologist Alexander Gettler, the duo set the justice system on fire with their trailblazing scientific detective work, triumphing over seemingly unbeatable odds to become the pioneers of forensic chemistry and the gatekeepers of justice. In 2014, PBS's AMERICAN EXPERIENCE released a film based on The Poisoner's Handbook.
Nuclear and Radiochemistry
Author: Jozsef Konya, Noémi M. Nagy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123914876
Pages: 432
Year: 2012-05-18
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The field of nuclear and radiochemistry is wide-reaching, with results having functions and use across a variety of disciplines. Drawing on 40 years of experience in teaching and research, this concise book explains the basic principles and applications of the primary areas of nuclear and radiochemistry. Separate chapters cover each main area of recent radiochemistry. This includes nuclear medicine and chemical aspects of nuclear power plants, namely the problems of nuclear wastes and nuclear analysis (both bulk and surface analysis), with the analytical methods based on the interactions of radiation with matter. Furthermore, special attention is paid to thermodynamics of radioisotope tracer methods, the very diluted system (carrier-free radioactive isotopes) and the principles of chemical processes with unsealed radioactive sources. This book will be helpful to students and researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, environmental sciences, and specialists working in all fields of radiochemistry. Basic concepts are introduced and practical applications explained, providing a full view of the subject. Laboratory work with unsealed radiochemicals is discussed in details that can be applied in research and authority in the lab environment.
Expanding the Vision of Sensor Materials
Author: Committee on New Sensor Technologies: Materials and Applications, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Materials Advisory Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309587433
Pages: 129
Year: 1995-07-06
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Advances in materials science and engineering have paved the way for the development of new and more capable sensors. Drawing upon case studies from manufacturing and structural monitoring and involving chemical and long wave-length infrared sensors, this book suggests an approach that frames the relevant technical issues in such a way as to expedite the consideration of new and novel sensor materials. It enables a multidisciplinary approach for identifying opportunities and making realistic assessments of technical risk and could be used to guide relevant research and development in sensor technologies.
Comprehensive organometallic chemistry III
Author: D. M. P. Mingos, Robert H. Crabtree, Catherine E. Housecroft
ISBN: 008044590X
Pages: 946
Year: 2007
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Worldwide Trends in Green Chemistry Education
Author: Vânia Zuin, Liliana Mammino
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1782625364
Pages: 329
Year: 2015-06-01
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Educating the next generation of chemists about green chemistry issues, such as waste minimisation and clean synthesis, is vital for environmental sustainability. This book enables green issues to be taught from the underlying principles of all chemistry courses rather than in isolation. Chapters contributed by green chemistry experts from across the globe, with experience in teaching at different academic levels, provide a coherent overview of possible approaches to incorporate green chemistry into existing curriculums. Split into three sections, the book first introduces sustainability and green chemistry education , before focussing on high school green chemistry education initiatives and green chemistry education at undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Useful laboratory experiments and in-class activities to aid teaching are included. This book is a valuable resource for chemical educators worldwide who wish to integrate green chemistry into chemical education in a systematic and holistic way. It is also of interest to anyone wanting to learn more about the different approaches adopted around the world in sustainability education.