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The Handbook of Metabolic Phenotyping
Author: John C. Lindon, Jeremy K. Nicholson, Elaine Holmes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128122943
Pages: 619
Year: 2018-10-17
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The Handbook of Metabolic Phenotyping is the definitive work on the rapidly developing subject of metabolic phenotyping. It explores in detail the wide array of analytical chemistry and statistical modeling techniques used in the field, coupled with surveys of the various application areas in human development, nutrition, disease, therapy, and epidemiology to create a comprehensive exploration of the area of study. It covers recent studies that integrate the various -omics data sets to derive a systems biology view. It also addresses current issues on standardization, assay and statistics validation, and data storage and sharing. Written by experts with many years of practice in the field who pioneered many of the approaches widely used today, The Handbook of Metabolic Phenotyping is a valuable resource for postgrads and research scientists studying and furthering the field of metabolomics. Contains theoretical and practical explanations of all the main analytical chemistry techniques used in metabolic phenotyping Explores, in detail, the many diverse statistical approaches used in the field Offers practical tips for successfully conducting metabolic phenotyping studies Features reviews of all of the various fields of activity relating to human studies
Biotechnology and Environmental Science
Author: P.S. Lovett, S. Mongkolsuk, J.E. Trempy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0585323860
Pages: 230
Year: 2007-06-30
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The Challenge of Protein Crops as a Sustainable Source of Food and Feed for the Future
Author: Antonio M. De Ron, Francesca Sparvoli, José J. Pueyo, Didier Bazile
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889451623
Year: 2017-05-03
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Grain legumes, together with quinoa and amaranth (pseudocereals) and other crops are attractive candidates to satisfy the growing demand for plant protein production worldwide for food and feed. Despite their high value, many protein crops have not been adequately assessed and numerous species are underutilized. Special attention has to be paid to genetic diversity and landraces, and to the key limiting factors affecting yield, including water deficiency and other abiotic and biotic stresses, in order to obtain stable, reliable and sustainable crop production through the introduction and local adaptation of genetically improved varieties. Legumes, the main protein crops worldwide, contribute to the sustainable improvement of the environment due to their ability to fix nitrogen and their beneficial effects on the soil. They play a key role in the crop diversification and sustainable intensification of agriculture, particularly in light of new and urgent challenges, such as climate change and food security. In addition, the role of legumes in nutrition has been recognized as a relevant source of plant protein, together with other benefits for health. Chapters dealing with common bean, lupine, soybean, lentil, cowpea and Medicago are included in this book. Most contributions deal with legumes, but the significant number of papers on different aspects of quinoa gives an idea of the increasing importance of this protein crop. Pseudocereals, such as quinoa and amaranth, are good sources of proteins. Quinoa and amaranth seeds contain lysine, an essential amino acid that is limited in other grains. Nutritional evaluations of quinoa indicate that it constitutes a source of complete protein with a good balance among all of the amino acids needed for human diet, and also important minerals, vitamins, high quality oils and flavonoids. Other protein crops also included in this book are hemp, cotton and cereals (maize, wheat and rice). Although cereals protein content is not high, their seeds are largely used for human consumption. In this book are included articles dealing with all different aspects of protein crops, including nutritional value, breeding, genetic diversity, biotic and abiotic stress, cropping systems or omics, which may be considered crucial to help provide the plant proteins of the future. Overall, the participation of 169 authors in 29 chapters in this book indicates an active scientific community in the field, which appears to be an encouraging reflect of the global awareness of the need for sustainability and the promising future of proteins crops as a source of food and feed.
Molecular Plant Taxonomy
Author: Pascale Besse
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 1627037667
Pages: 402
Year: 2014-01-11
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Plant taxonomy is an ancient discipline facing new challenges with the current availability of a vast array of molecular approaches which allow reliable genealogy-based classifications. Although the primary focus of plant taxonomy is on the delimitation of species, molecular approaches also provide a better understanding of evolutionary processes, a particularly important issue for some taxonomic complex groups. Molecular Plant Taxonomy: Methods and Protocols describes laboratory protocols based on the use of nucleic acids and chromosomes for plant taxonomy, as well as guidelines for phylogenetic analysis of molecular data. Experts in the field also contribute review and application chapters that will encourage the reader to develop an integrative taxonomy approach, combining nucleic acid and cytogenetic data together with other crucial information (taxonomy, morphology, anatomy, ecology, reproductive biology, biogeography, paleobotany), which will help not only to best circumvent species delimitation but also to resolve the evolutionary processes in play. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Molecular Plant Taxonomy: Methods and Protocols seeks to provide conceptual as well as technical guidelines to plant taxonomists and geneticists.
The Handbook of Metabonomics and Metabolomics
Author: John C. Lindon, Jeremy K. Nicholson, Elaine Holmes
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080468004
Pages: 572
Year: 2011-08-11
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Molecular biology operates at three levels – genes, proteins and metabolites. This book is unique in that it provides a comprehensive description of an approach (metabonomics) to characterise the endogenous metabolites in a living system, complementing gene and protein studies (genomics and proteomics). These "omics" methods form the basis for understanding biology at a systems level. The Handbook of Metabonomics and Metabolomics aims to be the definitive work on the rapidly expanding subjects of metabolic profiling, metabolite and biomarker identification, encompassing the fields of metabonomics and metabolomics. It covers the principles of the subject, the analytical and statistical techniques used and the wide variety of applications. * comprehensive description of an approach (metabonomics) to characterise the endogenous metabolites in a living system, complementing gene and protein studies * aims to be the definitive work on the rapidly expanding subjects of metabolic profiling, metabolite and biomarker identification * covers the principles of the subject, the analytical and statistical techniques used and the wide variety of applications.
Author: Tanya Parish, Amanda Brown
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 1904455409
Pages: 213
Year: 2009-01-01
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In this book, expert scientists critically review the current and most recent advances in the genomics and molecular biology of mycobacteria. With the focus being on the topical and most relevant aspects, the contributors provide insight into the current understanding of the subject and the future direction of research. Topics covered include strain variation and evolution, hypervirulent strains, electron transport and respiration, lipid biosynthesis, DNA repair, oxygen signaling, sulphur metabolism, protein secretion, the protein kinase family, and much more. This is a valuable reference text for all microbiology laboratories and is essential reading for all scientists and researchers involved with mycobacteria.
Molecular Techniques in Crop Improvement
Author: S.Mohan Jain, D.S. Brar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401723567
Pages: 616
Year: 2013-10-14
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This book provides comprehensive information on the latest tools and techniques of molecular genetics and their applications in crop improvement. It thoroughly discusses advanced techniques used in molecular markers, QTL mapping, marker-assisted breeding, and molecular cytogenetics.
Plant Proteomics
Author: Jozef Samaj, Jay J. Thelen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540726179
Pages: 369
Year: 2007-09-09
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Plant Proteomics highlights rapid progress in this field, with emphasis on recent work in model plant species, sub-cellular organelles, and specific aspects of the plant life cycle such as signaling, reproduction and stress physiology. Several chapters present a detailed look at diverse integrated approaches, including advanced proteomic techniques combined with functional genomics, bioinformatics, metabolomics and molecular cell biology, making this book a valuable resource for a broad spectrum of readers.
The Handbook of Plant Functional Genomics
Author: Guenter Kahl, Khalid Meksem
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527622551
Pages: 576
Year: 2008-09-08
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In this incisive, concise overview of this booming field, the editors -- two of the leading figures in the field with a proven track record -- combine their expertise to provide an invaluable reference on the topic. Following a treatment of transcriptome analysis, the book goes on to discuss replacement and mutation analysis, gene silencing and computational analysis. The whole is rounded off with a look at emerging technologies. Each chapter is accompanied by a concise overview, helping readers to quickly identify topics of interest, while important, carefully selected words and concepts are explained in a handy glossary. Equally accessible to both experienced scientists and newcomers to the field.
How Plants are Trained to Work for Man: Fruit improvement
Author: Luther Burbank
Year: 1921
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Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods
Author: Debasis Bagchi, Anand Swaroop, Manashi Bagchi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118930460
Pages: 688
Year: 2015-09-25
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Functional foods and nutraceuticals have received considerable interest in the past decade largely due to increasing consumer awareness of the health benefits associated with food. Diet in human health is no longer a matter of simple nutrition: consumers are more proactive and increasingly interested in the health benefits of functional foods and their role in the prevention of illness and chronic conditions. This, combined with an aging population that focuses not only on longevity but also quality of life, has created a market for functional foods and nutraceuticals. A fully updated and revised second edition, Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods reflects the recent upsurge in "omics" technologies and features 48 chapters that cover topics including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenetics, peptidomics, nutrigenomics and human health, transcriptomics, nutriethics and nanotechnology. This cutting-edge volume, written by a panel of experts from around the globe reviews the latest developments in the field with an emphasis on the application of these novel technologies to functional foods and nutraceuticals.
Plant Metabolomics
Author: Nigel W. Hardy
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
ISBN: 1617795941
Pages: 340
Year: 2012-01-01
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Estimating the metabolite complement of plant material involves a wide, and growing, range of techniques. This up-to-date guide provides stepwise, reproducible methodologies as well as key notes and implementation advice from experts in the field.
The Handbook of Plant Metabolomics
Author: Wolfram Weckwerth, Guenter Kahl
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527669906
Pages: 448
Year: 2013-02-28
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This is the newest title in the successful Molecular Plant Biology Handbook Series. Just like the other titles in the series this new book presents an excellent overview of different approaches and techniques in Metabolomics. Contributors are either from ivy-league research institutions or from companies developing new technologies in this dynamic and fast-growing field. With its approach to introduce current techniques in plant metabolomics to a wider audience and with many labs and companies considering to introduce metabolomics for their research, the title meets a growing market. The Kahl books are in addition a trusted brand for the plant science community and have always sold above expectations.
Advances in the Understanding of Biological Sciences Using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) Approaches
Author: Gaurav Sablok, Sunil Kumar, Saneyoshi Ueno, Jimmy Kuo, Claudio Varotto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319171577
Pages: 241
Year: 2015-07-16
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Provides a global view of the recent advances in the biological sciences and the adaption of the pathogen to the host plants revealed using NGS. Molecular Omic’s is now a major driving force to learn the adaption genetics and a great challenge to the scientific community, which can be resolved through the application of the NGS technologies. The availability of complete genome sequences, the respective model species for dicot and monocot plant groups, presents a global opportunity to delineate the identification, function and the expression of the genes, to develop new tools for the identification of the new genes and pathway identification. Genome-wide research tools, resources and approaches such as data mining for structural similarities, gene expression profiling at the DNA and RNA level with rapid increase in available genome sequencing efforts, expressed sequence tags (ESTs), RNA-seq, gene expression profiling, induced deletion mutants and insertional mutants, and gene expression knock-down (gene silencing) studies with RNAi and microRNAs have become integral parts of plant molecular omic’s. Molecular diversity and mutational approaches present the first line of approach to unravel the genetic and molecular basis for several traits, QTL related to disease resistance, which includes host approaches to combat the pathogens and to understand the adaptation of the pathogen to the plant host. Using NGS technologies, understanding of adaptation genetics towards stress tolerance has been correlated to the epigenetics. Naturally occurring allelic variations, genome shuffling and variations induced by chemical or radiation mutagenesis are also being used in functional genomics to elucidate the pathway for the pathogen and stress tolerance and is widely illustrated in demonstrating the identification of the genes responsible for tolerance in plants, bacterial and fungal species.
Improvement of Crop Plants for Industrial End Uses
Author: P. Ranalli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402054866
Pages: 533
Year: 2007-05-16
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This book provides concerns useful to promote an increase of the productivity of crops by using functional genomics. Fundamental thematics have been addressed: metabolic engineering, plant breeding tools, renewable biomass for energy generation, fibres and composites, and biopharmaceuticals. The gained know how is relevant to identify bottlenecks in the major production chains and to propose actions for moving these issues forward.