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The Regionalist Movement in France, 1890-1914
Author: Julian Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199264880
Pages: 286
Year: 2003
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This is the first full academic study of the political thought of the French regionalist movement in the Belle Epoque. Julian Wright has examined the private papers of Jean Charles-Brun, founder of the Federation Regionaliste Francaise, in detail. He has rethought the conceptual basis of regionalism through Charles-Brun's intellectual biography, showing that it penetrated the political debates of the period as a commonplace in Republican arguments about state reform. Despite the oftenmade association of regionalism with the right, Dr Wright reveals the diversity of political views expressed, and demonstrates that the connection to left-wing federalism ws emphatically present in the intellectual background. Interwoven with this discussion is an examination of the personal mission of Charles-Brun. He saw himself as a reconciler, using his regionalism within a mission to heal the divisions of French politics and society. He argued that France's instability stemmed from anobsession with reforms that followed a priori political models, and that politicians who sought to rethink the shape of the Republic needed to attend to the cultural or economic realities expressed in France's regions. Charles-Brun and his regionalist movement continue to have resonance in current debates about decentralization in France.
Alsace to the Alsatians?
Author: Christopher J. Fischer
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1845457242
Pages: 235
Year: 2010
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The region of Alsace, located between the hereditary enemies of France and Germany, served as a trophy of war four times between 1870-1945. With each shift, French and German officials sought to win the allegiance of the local populace. In response to these pressures, Alsatians invoked regionalism-articulated as a political language, a cultural vision, and a community of identity-not only to define and defend their own interests against the nationalist claims of France and Germany, but also to push for social change, defend religious rights, and promote the status of the region within the larger national community. Alsatian regionalism however, was neither unitary nor unifying, as Alsatians themselves were divided politically, socially, and culturally. The author shows that the Janus-faced character of Alsatian regionalism points to the ambiguous role of regional identity in both fostering and inhibiting loyalty to the nation. Finally, the author uses the case of Alsace to explore the traditional designations of French civic nationalism versus German ethnic nationalism and argues for the strong similarities between the two countries' conceptions of nationhood.
The Right in France from the Third Republic to Vichy
Author: Kevin Passmore
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019965820X
Pages: 391
Year: 2013
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Provides a new history of parliamentary conservatism and the extreme right in France during the successive crises of the years from 1870 to 1945. Charts royalist opposition to the newly established Republic, the emergence of the nationalist extreme right in the 1890s, and the parallel development of republican conservatism.
Whose Spain?
Author: Samuel Llano
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199858462
Pages: 270
Year: 2013
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English with excerpts in Spanish and French.
Folklore and Nationalism in Europe During the Long Nineteenth Century
Author: Timothy Baycroft, David Hopkin
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004211586
Pages: 440
Year: 2012-07-25
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Using an interdiciplinary approach, this book brings together work in the fields of history, literary studies, music, and architecture to examine the place of folklore and representations of 'the people' in the development of nations across Europe during the 19th century.
Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism
Author: John Loughlin, John Kincaid, Wilfried Swenden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136727698
Pages: 640
Year: 2013-07-18
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Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.
Region and State in Nineteenth-Century Europe
Author: J. Augusteijn, H. Storm
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137271302
Pages: 303
Year: 2012-10-24
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In reaction to the centralizing nation-building efforts of states in nineteenth-century Europe, many regions began to define their own identity. In thirteen stimulating essays, specialists analyze why regional identities became widely celebrated towards the end of that century and why some considered themselves part of the new national self-image.
Pluralism and the Idea of the Republic in France
Author: Julian Wright
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137028319
Pages: 270
Year: 2012-06-12
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The idea of the centralized State has played a powerful role in shaping French republicanism. But for two hundred years, many have tried to find other ways of being French and Republican. These essays challenge the traditional account, bringing together new insights from leading scholars.
The Culture of Regionalism
Author: Eric Storm
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 0719081475
Pages: 336
Year: 2011-02-15
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This pioneering book studies the rise, heyday, and demise of regionalism from the Belle Époque until the Eve of the Second World War. By using a novel comparative perspective, it gives a fresh view of the relationship between cultural regionalism, political regionalism, and nationalism. Storm further illuminates how during the first decades of the twentieth century, the culture of regionalism slowly lost the battle against its main rival: the avant-garde. Regional identities, like national identities, were created and sometimes even invented; and this was equally the case in France, Germany, and Spain. Artists, architects, and international exhibitions played a highly influential role in this process. They all appropriated, and in some cases perverted, the regionalist message showing that strong regional identities would ultimately reinforce national unity. This book offers new perspectives to specialists of regionalism and nationalism, but will also be of interest to students of the cultural history of France, Germany, and Spain and to specialists from the fields of politics, ethnology, art history, cultural studies, and architectural history.
Historical Reflections
Year: 2006
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The End of the Soul
Author: Jennifer Hecht
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231502389
Pages: 416
Year: 2005-12-20
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On October 19, 1876 a group of leading French citizens, both men and women included, joined together to form an unusual group, The Society of Mutual Autopsy, with the aim of proving that souls do not exist. The idea was that, after death, they would dissect one another and (hopefully) show a direct relationship between brain shapes and sizes and the character, abilities and intelligence of individuals. This strange scientific pact, and indeed what we have come to think of as anthropology, which the group's members helped to develop, had its genesis in aggressive, evangelical atheism. With this group as its focus, The End of the Soul is a study of science and atheism in France in late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It shows that anthropology grew in the context of an impassioned struggle between the forces of tradition, especially the Catholic faith, and those of a more freethinking modernism, and moreover that it became for many a secular religion. Among the adherents of this new faith discussed here are the novelist Emile Zola, the great statesman Leon Gambetta, the American birth control advocate Margaret Sanger, and Arthur Conan Doyle, whose Sherlock Holmes embodied the triumph of ratiocination over credulity. Boldly argued, full of colorful characters and often bizarre battles over science and faith, this book represents a major contribution to the history of science and European intellectual history.
Socialism and Modernity in France
Author: Julian Wright
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019953358X
Pages: 352
Year: 2017-07-06
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How do we make social democracy? Should we seize the unknown possibilities offered by the future, or does lasting change really occur when we focus our attention on the immediate present? These arguments are fundamental to the divisions within left-wing politics in particular. A modernistvision of revolution suggests that the present is precisely the time that needs to be surpassed, but can society change without putting today's experience of social injustice at the heart of its programme?In Time Present, Time Future, Julian Wright asks how, from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries, socialists in France tried to follow a democratic commitment to political voices in the present. The debate about time and modernity that emerged in French socialism sat beneath the surfaceof political arguments within the left. Socialists reflected on how political programmes of change connected with social experience. But how did this focus on the present relate to the tradition of revolution in France? And in particular, what did socialism have to say about the human experience ofthe present? Wright examines French socialism's fascination with modern history, through a new reading of Jean Jaures's multi-authored project to write a "socialist history" of France since 1789. Then, in four interlocking biographical essays, he analyses the search for a new timeframe of social transformation,by uncovering the reformist and idealist socialism of the Third Republic, long side-lined in the historical literature. With an intimate and emotional focus on the present-times of Benoit Malon, Georges Renard, Marcel Sembat, and Leon Blum, a personal history of socialist thought emerges that allowsus to revisit the story of left-wing intellectual life and modern socialism through the "human scale" of time - that of the present.
Historicising the French Revolution
Author: Carolina Armenteros
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Pages: 343
Year: 2008
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Three decades ago, François Furet famously announced that the French Revolution was over. Napoleon's armies ceased to march around Europe long ago, and Louis XVIII even returned to occupy the throne of his guillotined brother. And yet the Revolution's memory continues to hold sway over imaginations and cultures around the world. This sway is felt particularly strongly by those who are interested in history: for the French Revolution not only altered the course of history radically, but became the fountainhead of historicism and the origin of the historical mentality. The sixteen essays collected in this volume investigate the Revolution's intellectual and material legacies. From popular culture to education and politics, from France and Ireland to Poland and Turkey, from 1789 to the present day, leading historians expose, alongside graduate students, the myriad ways in which the Revolution changed humanity's possible futures, its history, and the idea of history. They attest to how the Revolution has had a continuing global significance, and is still shaping the world today.
Author: Tim Baycroft
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
ISBN: 0340705701
Pages: 260
Year: 2008-08-29
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Examines the nation-building process of continual re-creation and re-invention of more than two hundred years of the history of France. It explores the complex task of creating unity while reconciling regional, religious and cultural diversity in a nation. Divided into three sections, it covers French history, experience and identity, and seeks to integrate conventional political history with insight into nation-building. Themes such as social conflict, civil war and revolution, identity and difference, gender, colonialism and decolonization, religion, material and popular culture, and the devastation of war are examined in light of the evolution and continual reinvention of France. This new study will be of interest not only to students of modern and contemporary France, but also to those who want to understand the ways in which national identities are created and evolve within modern society.
A History of the French Senate
Author: Paul Smith
Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press
ISBN: 0773461310
Pages: 518
Year: 2005
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Volume One examines the place of the Senate in the Third Republic, from its uncertain beginnings to its presence at the forefront of political life in the 1930s, a prominence that would cost the Senate dear after the Liberation. Examines the political evolution and part played by men and (after 1946) women who have shaped its fortunes.