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Ecotribology
Author: J. Paulo Davim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319240072
Pages: 174
Year: 2015-10-16
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This book presents resent research advances in the area of eco-triobology. In the last years, eco-tribology or environmentally friendly tribology has gained increasing importance in sustainable engineering. Environmentally acceptable tribological practices save resources by optimizing product usage and reducing energy. This book covers current developments in all areas covered by the term eco-tribology, including biomimetics surfaces, control of friction and wear, environmental aspects of lubrication and surface modification techniques as well as tribological aspects of green applications, such wind-power turbines or solar panels.
Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites
Author: Klaus Friedrich, Alois K. Schlarb
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0444594647
Pages: 832
Year: 2013-05-14
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Tribology of Polymeric Nanocomposites provides a comprehensive description of polymeric nanocomposites, both as bulk materials and as thin surface coatings, and provides rare, focused coverage of their tribological behavior and potential use in tribological applications. Providing engineers and designers with the preparation techniques, friction and wear mechanisms, property information and evaluation methodology needed to select the right polymeric nanocomposites for the job, this unique book also includes valuable real-world examples of polymeric nanocomposites in action in tribological applications. Provides a complete reference to polmer nanocomposite material use in tribology from preparation through to selection and use. Explains the theory through examples of real-world applications, keeping this high-level topic practical and accessible. Includes contributions from more than 20 international tribology experts to offer broad yet detailed coverage of this fast-moving field.
Life Cycle Tribology
Author: Duncan Dowson, M. Priest, G. Dalmaz, A A Lubrecht
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080478948
Pages: 900
Year: 2005-10-13
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The 31st Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology was held at Trinity and All Saints College in Leeds under the title "Life Cycle Tribology" from Tuesday 7th September until Friday 10th September 2004. Over the three days of presentations that followed, life cycle tribology was explored across a range of areas including automotive tribology, bearings, bio-degradability and sustainability, bio-tribology, coatings, condition monitoring, contact mechanics, debris effects, elastohydrodynamic lubrication, lubricants, machine systems, nanotribology, rolling contact fatigue, transmissions, tribochemistry and wear and failure. Invited talks in these fields were presented by leading international researchers and practitioners, namely C.J. Hooke, J.A. Williams, R.J.K. Wood, G. Isaac, S.C. Tung, D. Price, I. Sherrington, M. Hadfield, K. Kato, R.I. Taylor, H.P. Evans, R.S. Dwyer-Joyce and H. Rahnejat.
Calcium Orthophosphates
Author: Sergey V. Dorozhkin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9814364177
Pages: 850
Year: 2012-06-04
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Due to a great chemical similarity with the biological calcified tissues, many calcium orthophosphates possess remarkable biocompatibility and bioactivity. Materials scientists use this property extensively to construct artificial bone grafts that are either entirely made of or only surface-coated with the biologically relevant calcium orthophosphates. Porous scaffolds made of calcium orthophosphates are very promising tools for tissue engineering applications. A comprehensive overview of calcium orthophosphates, this book highlights their importance and biomedical uses.
Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook
Author: Myer Kutz
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323390412
Pages: 784
Year: 2016-09-15
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Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook: Processing, Materials, and Applications, Second Edition, covers both the polymer basics that are helpful to bring readers quickly up-to-speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing and the recent developments that enable practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work. With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas. Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field. Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements Ideal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technology Updated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics
Graphene Nanomaterials
Author: Kal R. Sharma
Publisher: Momentum Press
ISBN: 1606504770
Pages: 216
Year: 2014-03-15
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Since the discovery of graphene as a distinct allotrope of carbon, with its potential to further increase the speed of microprocessors beyond 30 peta hertz, there has been a void in resources for students and practitioners—until now. This book provides information on the synthesis, characterization, application development, scaleup, stability analysis and structure property relations of graphene nanomaterials. Different methods of fabrication of graphenes are included, and the author discusses cost of production starting from capital costs, operating costs, and total optimal costs. These different processes to make graphene include: Roll to Roll Transfer Process, Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition, Atmospheric Plug Flow Reactor, APFR, Dispersion Using NMP, and numerous others. Sharma details the diffusion time calculations in intercalation, and exfoliation processes using both Fick and hyperbolic diffusion models.
Materials for Engineering
Author: J Martin
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 1845691601
Pages: 256
Year: 2006-04-28
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This third edition of what has become a modern classic presents a lively overview of Materials Science which is ideal for students of Structural Engineering. It contains chapters on the structure of engineering materials, the determination of mechanical properties, metals and alloys, glasses and ceramics, organic polymeric materials and composite materials. It contains a section with thought-provoking questions as well as a series of useful appendices. Tabulated data in the body of the text, and the appendices, have been selected to increase the value of Materials for engineering as a permanent source of reference to readers throughout their professional lives. The second edition was awarded Choice’s Outstanding Academic Title award in 2003. This third edition includes new information on emerging topics and updated reading lists.
Friction and Wear Testing
Author: ASM International
Publisher: Asm International
ISBN: 0871706172
Pages: 185
Year: 1997-01-01
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A collection of specifications and reference articles reprinted from selected portions of five Annual Books of ASTM Standards (vols. 02.05, 03.02, 05.02, 05.03, and 13.01) and three ASM Handbooks (vols. 8, 11, and 18). Focus is on test methods and failure analysis of wear-related failures. Includes
Friction, Wear and Wear Protection
Author: Alfons Fischer, Kirsten Bobzin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527628525
Pages: 784
Year: 2011-02-10
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The proceedings collect invited and contributed papers from more than 150 scientists and engineers worldwide which provide an up-to-date overview of the current research on friction and wear, including new systematic approaches as well as innovative technical solutions.
Aqueous Lubrication
Author: Nicholas D Spencer
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814611808
Pages: 284
Year: 2014-03-12
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Man lubricates mostly with oil. Nature lubricates exclusively with water. Pure water is a poor lubricant, but the addition of proteins, especially glycoproteins, can modify surfaces to make them far more lubricating at slow speeds. Understanding how nature does this, and the physical structures involved, is not only important for the understanding of diseases such as osteoarthritis, but also essential for the successful application of articulating implants, such as hips and knees, as well as the development of medical devices such as catheters and contact lenses. A host of important applications of water-based lubrication are already in place in the personal care and food industries, and further industrial applications of water-based lubrication could have a significant positive impact on the environment. This book is the first of its kind. It brings together the latest research in biological and biomimetic, water-based lubrication and is authored by the world's experts in the field. Contents:Tribology of Natural Articular Joints (Rowena Crockett)Sticky and Slippery: Interfacial Forces of Mucin and Mucus Gels (Seunghwan Lee)Aqueous Lubrication and Food Emulsions (Jason R Stokes)Aqueous Lubrication in Cosmetics (Gustavo S Luengo, Anthony Galliano and Claude Dubief)Hydrogel Friction and Lubrication (Jian Liu and Jian Ping Gong)Aqueous Lubrication with Polymer Brushes (Suzanne Giasson and Nicholas D Spencer)Water-Like Lubrication of Hard Contacts by Polyhydric Alcohols (Jean Michel Martin and Maria Isabel De Barros-Bouchet)Aqueous Lubrication of Ceramics (Mitjan Kalin) Readership: Academic and industrial tribologists, materials scientists, biomechanics professionals, and physicists and chemists with an interest in tribology. Keywords:Lubrication;Water;Polymers;Cartilage;Mucin;Ceramics;Gels;Personal Care;Food Emulsion
Polymers in Defence & Aerospace Applications 2010
Author: Smithersrapra Technology
Publisher:
ISBN: 1847353983
Pages: 180
Year: 2010
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With the aerospace and defence industries poised for growth in virtually every segment; the commercial, general aviation, military and space sectors are a ‘must watch’ area for businesses seeking new business and technology opportunities. Accompanying this growth, polymers will play an increasing role, with, for example, a near doubling of the aerocomposites market being predicted by 2016. Polymers in Defence and Aerospace Applications took an in depth look at how polymers are increasingly being used to meet the developing demands of this industry in areas such as weight minimisation, increased strength and enhanced affordability. Both defence and aerospace are industries where the performance requirements of polymer-based materials are continually being pushed to the limits of what is possible in order to help achieve these goals, and where there is a constant demand for new and improved materials for a wide range of existing and new applications. This conference covered all of the important polymer related areas specific to the defence and aerospace industries, from state-of-the-art R&D to characterisation, fabrication, technology development and many new and emerging applications. Polymers in Defence & Aerospace Applications featured presentations from key defence and aerospace industry experts, as well as from polymer manufacturers and those developing new polymer based materials, technologies and applications.
Advances in Elastomers I
Author: P. M. Visakh, Sabu Thomas, Arup K. Chandra, Aji. P. Mathew
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642209254
Pages: 494
Year: 2013-03-29
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This is the first volume of a two-volume work which summarizes in an edited format and in a fairly comprehensive manner many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of Elastomers. “Advances in Elastomers” discusses the various attempts reported on solving these problems from the point of view of the chemistry and the structure of elastomers, highlighting the drawbacks and advantages of each method. It summarize the importance of elastomers and their multiphase systems in human life and industry, and covers all the topics related to recent advances in elastomers, their blends, IPNs, composites and nanocomposites. This first volume focuses on advances on the blends and interpenetrating networks (IPNs) of elastomers.
Spherical and Fibrous Filler Composites
Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527334572
Pages: 296
Year: 2016-09-26
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Scrutinizing various fillers, such as fly ash, inorganic nanoparticles, Kevlar and wood flour, this book exemplifies how the choice of filler influences the micro- and macroscopic behavior of the resulting polymer composites, such as friction, wear and impact resistance. In so doing, the text brings together a number of composite systems using different polymer matrices, different filler systems as well as different processing conditions, thereby serving as a beneficial guide for readers so as to select a particular set of processing conditions or composite constituents for the enhancement of certain properties.
Nanobiomaterials
Author: Xiumei Wang, Murugan Ramalingam, Xiangdong Kong, Lingyun Zhao
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527698655
Pages: 238
Year: 2017-11-21
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Written by an international team of editors and contributors from renowned universities and institutes, this book addresses the latest research in the field of nanobiomaterials, covering nanotechnologies for their fabrication, developments in biomedical applications, and the challenges of biosafety in clinic uses. Clearly structured, the volume defines the scope and classification of the field, resulting in a broad overview from fundamental principles to current technological advances, and from materials synthesis to biomedical applications along with future trends.
Tokamak Engineering Mechanics
Author: Yuntao Song, Weiyue Wu, Shijun Du
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642395759
Pages: 241
Year: 2013-09-20
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Tokamak Engineering Mechanics offers concise and thorough coverage of engineering mechanics theory and application for tokamaks, and the material is reinforced by numerous examples. Chapter topics include general principles, static mechanics, dynamic mechanics, thermal fluid mechanics and multiphysics structural mechanics of tokamak structure analysis. The theoretical principle of the design and the methods of the analysis for various components and load conditions are presented, while the latest engineering technologies are also introduced. The book will provide readers involved in the study of mechanical/fusion engineering with a general understanding of tokamak engineering mechanics. Yuntao Song is Head of the Tokamak Design Division at the Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academic of Science (ASIPP), China.