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Introduction to Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Author: Francis Chen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319223097
Pages: 490
Year: 2015-12-17
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This complete introduction to plasma physics and controlled fusion by one of the pioneering scientists in this expanding field offers both a simple and intuitive discussion of the basic concepts of this subject and an insight into the challenging problems of current research. In a wholly lucid manner the work covers single-particle motions, fluid equations for plasmas, wave motions, diffusion and resistivity, Landau damping, plasma instabilities and nonlinear problems. For students, this outstanding text offers a painless introduction to this important field; for teachers, a large collection of problems; and for researchers, a concise review of the fundamentals as well as original treatments of a number of topics never before explained so clearly. This revised edition contains new material on kinetic effects, including Bernstein waves and the plasma dispersion function, and on nonlinear wave equations and solitons. For the third edition, updates was made throughout each existing chapter, and two new chapters were added; Ch 9 on “Special Plasmas” and Ch 10 on Plasma Applications (including Atmospheric Plasmas).
Introduction to Space Physics
Author: Margaret G. Kivelson, Christopher T. Russell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521457149
Pages: 568
Year: 1995-04-28
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All aspects of space plasmas in the Solar System are introduced and explored in this text for senior undergraduate and graduate students. Introduction to Space Physics provides a broad, yet selective, treatment of the complex interactions of the ionized gases of the solar terrestrial environment. The book includes extensive discussion of the Sun and solar wind, the magnetized and unmagnetized planets, and the fundamental processes of space plasmas including shocks, plasma waves, ULF waves, wave particle interactions, and auroral processes. The text devotes particular attention to space plasma observations and integrates these with phenomenological and theoretical interpretations. Highly coordinated chapters, written by experts in their fields, combine to provide a comprehensive introduction to space physics. Based on an advanced undergraduate and graduate course presented in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, the text will be valuable to both students and professionals in the field.
Principles of Magnetohydrodynamics
Author: J. P. Goedbloed, Stefaan Poedts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521626072
Pages: 613
Year: 2004-08-05
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This textbook provides a modern and accessible introduction to magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). It describes the two main applications of plasma physics, laboratory research on thermo-nuclear fusion energy and plasma astrophysics of the solar system, stars and accretion disks, from the single viewpoint of MHD. This approach provides effective methods and insights for the interpretation of plasma phenomena on virtually all scales, from the laboratory to the universe. It equips the reader with the necessary tools to understand the complexities of plasma dynamics in extended magnetic structures. The classical MHD model is developed in detail without omitting steps in the derivations and problems are included at the end of each chapter. This text is ideal for senior-level undergraduate and graduate courses in plasma physics and astrophysics.
Galaxy Formation
Author: Malcolm S. Longair
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662035715
Pages: 536
Year: 2013-03-14
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Written by a well-known astrophysicist, who is also a superbly talented writer, this work deals with the matter and radiation content of the universe, the formation of galaxies, and provides a comprehensive introduction into relativistic astrophysics as needed for the clarification of cosmological ideas.
Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles
Author: Craig F. Bohren, Donald R. Huffman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527618163
Pages: 544
Year: 2008-09-26
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Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles Treating absorption and scattering in equal measure, this self-contained, interdisciplinary study examines and illustrates how small particles absorb and scatter light. The authors emphasize that any discussion of the optical behavior of small particles is inseparable from a full understanding of the optical behavior of the parent material-bulk matter. To divorce one concept from the other is to render any study on scattering theory seriously incomplete. Special features and important topics covered in this book include: * Classical theories of optical properties based on idealized models * Measurements for three representative materials: magnesium oxide, aluminum, and water * An extensive discussion of electromagnetic theory * Numerous exact and approximate solutions to various scattering problems * Examples and applications from physics, astrophysics, atmospheric physics, and biophysics * Some 500 references emphasizing work done since Kerker's 1969 work on scattering theory * Computer programs for calculating scattering by spheres, coated spheres, and infinite cylinders
Waves in Plasmas
Author: Thomas H. Stix
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0883188597
Pages: 566
Year: 1992
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"Blurb & Contents" "The reader is treated to constantly refreshing and engaging commentary and opinion that always informs....As she depicts them, the problems of the universe are always fascinating and, most of all, they are alive and compelling." David DeVorkin, Sky & Telescope Virginia Trimble offers readers a fascinating and accessible tour of the stars. An astronomer with shared appointments in California and Maryland, the author ranges over a large portion of the universe as she discusses the search for life on other planets, how galaxies form, why stars explode and die, and the nature of the elusive dark matter in the universe. She also explains the astronomical significance of Cheeps' pyramid and leads the reader through scientific speculation about what and when the Star of Bethlehem might have been. Throughout, Trimble points to the exciting unanswered questions that still perplex the field and considers the formidable tasks to be faced by the next generation of young astronomers.
Optical Properties of Nanostructures
Author: Ying Fu, Min Qiu
Publisher: Pan Stanford Publishing
ISBN: 9814303267
Pages: 312
Year: 2011-08-08
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Stressing the importance of nanotechnology in forthcoming technology, this analysis illustrates how the field bears great promise in forming the basis of future generations of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Discussing electrons and photons in and through nanostructures by the first-principles quantum mechanical theories and fundamental concepts behind nano-electronics and optoelectronics, the material basis, physical phenomena, device physics, designs, and applications, this crucial perspective combines a variety of expert viewpoints designed to foster further research?and to suggest the cross-disciplinary interaction required in surmounting the barriers facing future generations of technology design.
Turbulent Transport in Magnetized Plasmas
Author: Wendell Horton
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814483885
Pages: 520
Year: 2012-08-22
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The book explains how magnetized plasmas self-organize in states of electromagnetic turbulence that transports particles and energy out of the core plasma faster than anticipated by the fusion scientists designing magnetic confinement systems in the 20th century. It describes theory, experiments and simulations in a unified and up-to-date presentation of the issues of achieving nuclear fusion power. Contents:Basic Concepts and Historical BackgroundAlfvén and Drift Waves in PlasmasMechanisms for Drift WavesTwo-Component MagnetohydrodynamicsLaboratory Experiments for Drift WavesMagnetohydrodynamics and Magnetic Confinement GeometriesLaboratory Plasma Experiments for Waves and TransportTurbulence Theory for Drift and Alfvén WavesImpurity Transport StudiesCoherent Structures in PlasmasFluctuating Magnetic Fields and Chaotic OrbitsToroidal Confinement SystemsTemperature Gradient Driven InstabilitiesElectron Temperature Gradient Driven TurbulenceMagnetic Reconnection InstabilitiesIgnition Physics in Multiscale Plasma TurbulenceRotational InstabilitiesTransport Simulations with Multiscale Codes for Internal Transport Barrier FormationGyrokinetic Simulations of Drift Wave Turbulence Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics interested in confinement of plasmas, instabilities, transport and turbulence in plasmas. Keywords:Drift Waves;Fusion;Magnetic Confinement;Transport;Turbulence;Plasma;ITER;TokamaksKey Features:The theory, experiments and simulations are explained in a unified presentationDetails of the large fusion tokamak systems are explained
High-resolution Simulations of Strongly Coupled Coulomb Systems with a Parallel Tree Code
Author: Mathias Winkel
Publisher: Forschungszentrum Jülich
ISBN: 3893369015
Pages: 196
Year: 2013
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Physics Briefs
Year: 1992
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Advanced Magnetohydrodynamics
Author: J. P. Goedbloed, Rony Keppens, Stefaan Poedts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139487280
Year: 2010-04-29
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Following on from the companion volume Principles of Magnetohydrodynamics, this textbook analyzes the applications of plasma physics to thermonuclear fusion and plasma astrophysics from the single viewpoint of MHD. This approach turns out to be ever more powerful when applied to streaming plasmas (the vast majority of visible matter in the Universe), toroidal plasmas (the most promising approach to fusion energy), and nonlinear dynamics (where it all comes together with modern computational techniques and extreme transonic and relativistic plasma flows). The textbook interweaves theory and explicit calculations of waves and instabilities of streaming plasmas in complex magnetic geometries. It is ideally suited to advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in plasma physics and astrophysics.
Basics of Plasma Astrophysics
Author: Claudio Chiuderi, Marco Velli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8847052807
Pages: 279
Year: 2014-11-22
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This book is an introduction to contemporary plasma physics that discusses the most relevant recent advances in the field and covers a careful choice of applications to various branches of astrophysics and space science. The purpose of the book is to allow the student to master the basic concepts of plasma physics and to bring him or her up to date in a number of relevant areas of current research. Topics covered include orbit theory, kinetic theory, fluid models, magnetohydrodynamics, MHD turbulence, instabilities, discontinuities, and magnetic reconnection. Some prior knowledge of classical physics is required, in particular fluid mechanics, statistical physics, and electrodynamics. The mathematical developments are self-contained and explicitly detailed in the text. A number of exercises are provided at the end of each chapter, together with suggestions and solutions.
Cyclotron Waves in Plasma
Author: D. G. Lominadze
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483280780
Pages: 218
Year: 2013-10-22
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Cyclotron Waves in Plasma is a four-chapter text that covers the basic physical concepts of the theory of cyclotron waves and cyclotron instabilities, brought about by the existence of steady or alternating plasma currents flowing perpendicular to the magnetic field. This book considers first a wide range of questions associated with the linear theory of cyclotron oscillations in equilibrium plasmas and in electron plasmas in metals and semiconductors. The next chapter deals with the parametric excitation of electron cyclotron oscillations in plasma in an alternating electric field. A chapter focuses on plasma turbulence, which results from the development of cyclotron instabilities. The last chapter discusses pertinent experimental data concerning cyclotron waves in plasma. The book is intended for specialists in plasma physics and a number of related fields, including the physics of the ionosphere, solar wind and, metals, as well as for students and teachers who are specializing in these subjects.
An Introduction to Plasma Astrophysics and Magnetohydrodynamics
Author: Marcel Goossens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400710763
Pages: 203
Year: 2012-12-06
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Most of the visible matter in the universe exists in the plasma state. Plasmas are of major importance for space physics, solar physics, and astrophysics. On Earth they are essential for magnetic controlled thermonuclear fusion. This textbook collects lecture notes from a one-semester course taught at the K.U. Leuven to advanced undergraduate students in applied mathematics and physics. A particular strength of this book is that it provides a low threshold introduction to plasmas with an emphasis on first principles and fundamental concepts and properties. The discussion of plasma models is to a large extent limited to Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) with its merits and limitations clearly explained. MHD provides the students on their first encounter with plasmas, with a powerful plasma model that they can link to familiar classic fluid dynamics. The solar wind is studied as an example of hydrodynamics and MHD at work in solar physics and astrophysics.
Quantization and Discretization at Large Scales
Author: edited by Florentin Smarandache, V. Christianto, Pavel Pintr
Publisher: Infinite Study
ISBN: 1599732270
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